PROBLEMS AND PROSPECT OF CORRUPTION IN AKWA IBOM STATE (A CASE STUDY OF IBIONO IBOM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

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PROBLEMS AND PROSPECT OF CORRUPTION IN AKWA IBOM STATE (A CASE STUDY OF IBIONO IBOM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

 

 TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page

Certification

Declaration

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Table of content

Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

1.2 Statement of the Problem

1.3 Purpose/Objective of the Study

1.4 Research Questions

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Significance of the Study

1.7 Scope/Delimitation of the Study

1.8 Limitation of the Study

1.9 Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1 Introduction

2.2 The Corruption Phenomenon and Definition

2.3 Types of Corruption

2.4 Empirical studies on corruption

2.5 Constitutional Framework to Tackle Corruption

2.6 Prospects for Combating and Preventing Corruption

2.6.1 Constitutional and Institutional Approach

2.6.2 Political Process and Electoral Reforms

2.6.3 Public Sector Reforms

2.6.4 Privatization

2.6.5 Accountability and Transparency

2.6.6 International Support

2.6.7 Civil Society Involvement

2.7 Conceptual Framework

2.8 Theoretical Framework

2.9 The problems of Corruption to Sustainable Development in the Fourth Republic

2.10 The Causes of Corruption in Nigeria.

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Area of the Study

3.3       Population of the Study

3.4       Sample Determination and Sample Technique

3.5 Sources of Data Collection

3.6 Description of Instrument

3.7 Validation of the Instrument

3.8 Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION OF DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

4:0 Introduction

4:1 Data Analysis and Result

4.2 Testing of Hypotheses

4.3 Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION RECOMMENDATION

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Summary

5.3 Conclusion

5.4 Recommendation

References

Appendixes

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Corruption has been identified as one major obstacle militating against rapid growth and development of the society. Akwa Ibom State is blessed with abundant natural and human resources to the extent that some of these natural resources have never been extracted or tapped by the government, some natural resources are neglected by the government since the discovery of oil well, such as cocoa, timber, etc, while only crude oil is enjoying the biggest attention and has been the largest source of revenue to the government for over forty years. Since 1996 when Nigeria first featured in the Corruption Perception Index (CPI), a research carried out by Transparency International (TI), a Non Governmental Organization (NGO) that assesses the level of corruption in different states of the country. Akwa Ibom State government officials are well known for their self servicing style of governance. Ogbeidi (2012), examined political leadership and corruption in Akwa Ibom since its creation, he opined that it is an incontrovertible fact that corruption has been the bane of development in all state Nigeria. Thus, without mincing words the phenomenon has ravaged the country and destroyed most of what is held as cherished national values. Unfortunately, the political class saddled with the responsibility of directing the affairs of the country have been the major culprit in perpetrating this act. Also Usman (1980) stated that pervasive corruption has remained a serious obstacle to economic development in Akwa Ibom.

Corruption inhibits human and social development. Public institutions are only public in name, because they are run, in fact, for the purpose of private accumulation of wealth. It is in the backdrop of the above assertions that this study has examined the problems and prospects of corruption in Akwa Ibom State context and how corruption has hindered development in the hindered and provides some recommendations in order to accelerate growth and development of Akwa Ibom state economy.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The state of corruption in Akwa Ibom has been categorized as endemic. Corruption has also been identified as one major obstacle to the growth and development of the Akwa Ibom State economy. Research has shown that corrupt practices have been perpetrated in governance, public and private places since the creation of Akwa Ibom State. Achebe (1984) wrote that “the problem Nigerian States are the unwillingness or inability of its leaders to rise to their responsibility, to the challenge of personal example, which is the hallmark of true leadership”. In the same vein, Storey (1953) wrote that “before the creation of various states, there have been cases of official misuse of resources for personal enrichment”. The magnitude of corruption has been increasing over the years and this has led to retarded growth and development in Akwa Ibom State. Though there has been lots of anti-corruption crusade in Nigeria over the years targeted to stem the spread of corruption in the states and the country at large, such as Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offenses Commission (ICPC) in 2000, and Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) in 2003 after the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF).Corruption has also led to diversion of developmental resources of the state to private or personal use. This has contributed to the leakage of capital from Akwa Ibom State for illegal deposits abroad.

Hence the researcher is bothered to find out the problems and prospects of corruption in Akwa Ibom State and how it has affected development in the State especially in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area

 

1.3       PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The broad objective of the research is to evaluate the problems and prospects of corruption in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.

Other objectives of this study includes:

  1. To examine the problems and prospects of corruption in local government administration.
  2. To find out the level of corruption in local government administration.
  • To determine the causes of corruption in local government administration.
  1. To ascertain the influence of corruption on local government development.
  2. To ascertain possible solutions to corruption practices in local government administration.

 

1.4    RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The study was guided by the following research questions:

  1. What are the problems and prospects of corruption in local government administration?
  2. To what level does corruption affect local government administration?
  • What are the causes of corruption in local government administration?
  1. What kind of influence does corruption have on local government administration?
  2. Are they possible solutions to corruption practices in local government administration?

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

  1. Ho: There is no significance relationship between the problems of corruption and the administration of Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area.

H1: There is a significance relationship between the problems of corruption and the administration of Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area.

  1. Ho: There is no significance relationship between the influence of corruption and development of local government administration.

H1:  There is a significance relationship between the influence of corruption and development of local government administration.

  • Significance of the Study

The study of problems and prospects of corruption in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State is very significant as its findings will help in curbing corruption and provide useful data on the influence of corruption on community development.

The findings would also of great significant to the academic community, since future leaders also spring out from this community. The findings will add to the existing body of knowledge and also serve as a reference material for future researchers on problems and prospect of corruption.

1.7 Scope/Delimitation of the Study

The study is focused on the problems and prospects of corruption in Ibiono Ibom Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. It will also involve the analysis of problems associated with corruption and its impact on the development of Ibiono Ibom Local Government.

 1.8 Limitation of the Study

The research was limited in some aspects of the study with respondents’ unwillingness to fill the questionnaire. Some presumed that the researcher was a agent of the government and thus, were demanding freebies from the researcher.  In some cases, the respondents were not able to fill and return immediately, thus, the researcher had to go through the rigour of going back to collect them.

Also, the unavailability of sufficient texts and literatures on the research topic was a major limitation to the researcher.

1.9       DEFINITION OF TERMS

Some concepts require proper explanation to enhance our understanding of the theme where necessary opinion of scholars will be cited to explain the terms. The researcher will also give some fundamental definition of terms.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT : According to Lawal (2000) Local Government as a political sub-division of a nation in Federal system which is constituted by law and has substantial control of local affairs which includes the power to impose taxes or exact labor for prescribed purpose.

According to William Robson (2006) Defined Local Government as involving the conception of territorial, non-sovereign community possessing the legal right and the necessary organization to regulate its own affairs.

DEVELOPMENT

            According to Ake (2001) Development is thus the process by which people create and recreate themselves and their life circumstances to realize higher levels of civilization in accordance with their own choice and values.

It also a type of social change in which new ideas are introduces into a social in order to produce higher per-capital income and levels of living through more modern production methods and improved social organization.

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PROBLEMS AND PROSPECT OF CORRUPTION IN AKWA IBOM STATE (A CASE STUDY OF IBIONO IBOM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

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