A REVIEW OF THE RHEOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF POWER LAW DRILLING FLUIDS ON CUTTINGS TRANSPORTATION IN NON-VERTICAL BOREHOLES

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A REVIEW OF THE THEOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF POWER LAW DRILLING FLUIDS ON CUTTINGS TRANSPORTATION IN NON-VERTICAL BOREHOLES

ABSTRACT

Cuttings transportation during in non-vertical boreholes is necessary for oil and gas wells. Adequate cuttings removal from a well in drilling is critical for cost-effective drilling as high annular cuttings buildup often leads to high risk of stuck pipe, reduced rate of penetration and other impediments to standard drilling and completion procedures.

This study investigates how theological parameters influence the removal of cuttings in non-vertical boreholes. It contributes to work already done to ensure efficient hole cleaning process. In this study, the rheological parameters examined were the flow index (n), consistency index (K), plastic viscosity (PV), mud yield point (YP), YP/PV ratio, apparent viscosity and effective viscosity. Fifteen mud samples, three annular velocities (3.82, 2.86 and 1.91 ft/sec) and three hole angles (30o, 45o and 70o) were considered. An Excel Spreadsheets program was used to determine the parameters. The results of this study show that, higher annular mud velocities are required for efficient hole cleaning in directional wells than in vertical wells. Increasing values of YP, YP/PV ratio and K promote effective cuttings transport while the value of n should be low. Effective and apparent viscosities also should be high.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Problem Definition

Many materials of engineering interest must be handled and transported as slurries or suspensions of insoluble particulate matter. Transportation of cuttings in non-vertical boreholes is of no exception. Almost the same thing occurs whereby the cuttings act as the solids in the drilling fluid. In spite of the many technological advances that have accompanied the drilling of non-vertical boreholes, one significant remaining challenge is effective cuttings transport, particularly in deviated wells.

The transportation of cuttings during drilling has a major influence on the economics of the drilling process. Problems that can occur as a result of inefficient hole cleaning from cuttings include reduced weight on bit, increase risk of pipe stuck and inability to attain the desired reach, reduced rate of penetration (ROP), extra cost because of the need of special additives in the drilling fluid, extra pipe wear, transient hole blockage which can lead to lost circulation and wasted time for wiper tripping. These problems have prompted significant research into cuttings transport during the past 50 years. (Kelessidis, 2004).

 

 

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A REVIEW OF THE THEOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF POWER LAW DRILLING FLUIDS ON CUTTINGS TRANSPORTATION IN NON-VERTICAL BOREHOLES

 

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