THE ROLE OF INDUSTRIAL TRAINING SCHEME ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF MANPOWER IN SELECTED BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENT
The topic of this research is the role of industrial Training scheme on the Development of manpower in selected business Establishment in Anambra state. At the time of writing this project, five companies Ibeto Group of Company and Premier Brewery Onitsha, ITF area office Awka, Lento Aluminum Company Awka and Nigeria Brewery Onitsha were sampled for the survey. In collecting the data for this research, the instrument used were the questionnaire. The need for business establishment to embark on industrial training was introduced. The researcher found out that the employers of labor witness work improvements of workers trained with ITF training programmes. The researcher recommended that the training programmes of ITF should be wide enough to cover the specific need of the contributing company. From the analysis of the data collected, the researcher found out that ITF is doing a good job though it has some problems hindering its progress. The research ended up in concluding, summarizing and putting up a number of recommendations for further studies.
1.1 Background to the Study
Some years back, the concept of training and development of manpower in some business establishment were vaguely understood in most of our developing countries. This was supported by Dr. Akinku in his book “Nigeria Today” when he said; we are yet to find out what it is, are the 4m’s absent in our midst. All efforts to improve on our productivity yield no result. Referring to his 4m’s, he meant Man, Materials, Machines and Money.
With the turn of events, and increased awareness both the developed and developing countries have come to appreciate the problem of employee development and training in many organizations.
In his inaugural lecture on supervisor management training course. Layemo said that the basic problem of developing countries is not lack of natural resource but the underdevelopment of their human/manpower resources.
In a similar perspective, Eze in his book” sources of management motivation”, showed that manpower in the third world countries are underdeveloped.
In support of this, a report by Ashby of (1959:58) showed that manpower resources in the third world countries were still developing.
Following Ashby’s recommendation, the National manpower Board was established in 1962. As a follow up, the manpower in 1963 undertook a comprehensive manpower survey which brought to governments notice the following.
a. The quality of management in all level is one of the major problems of economic development.
b. The need for effective co-ordination to avoid unnecessary duplication of efforts in manpower training.
In 1969, the International Labour Organization (ILO) emphasized the inadequate of manpower development programmes in Nigeria which was necessary for her to carry out her economic development plan occasioned by the civil war, hence the need for rehabilitations, required to develop technical and progression of manpower training.
The second National manpower development plan (1970:74) also said that there was high level of incompetence in positions in our industries and it identified the following factors as being responsible for it
a. Inadequacy of education and professional qualification
b. Poor quality of employees
c. Inadequate experience.
Irrespective of these poor quality skilled manpower, employers have neglected the need to train their workers for increased productivity and efficiency of their work. The federal government create industrial training fund in 1971 by decree No 47 and its main objective is to promote and encourage the acquisition of skills with a view to generate a pool of indigenous trained manpower sufficient to meet the developing needs of the country.