SAFETY CONCERN IN LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAB ENVIRONMENT

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SAFETY CONCERN IN LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAB ENVIRONMENT

 

ABSTRACT

This research work which is based on safety principles and practice in liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) environment. LPG which is a petroleum fraction produced by distillation of crude oil. It is a hugely versatile gas found over many million of years beneath the ground and it is obtaining from processing of natural gas and refining of crude oil LPG is either prepare and  instance which is transported from the gas field or refinery installations to storage terminals by tanker or pipeline and is stored in gas cylinders. It is used in domestic, industrial, auto gas, commercial and agricultural purposes. Because of its non-polluted nature, LPG is considered as environmental friendly gas.

Safety  policies and principles in LPG plant and environment is carried out in order to create a safe working conditions for workers and as well protects lives and properties of workers, consumers and industries. Due to its high flammable nature, safety should be enhanced in production process, handling, transportation and storage.

Incase of leakage, emergency procedure should be carried out. Small leakages which can be detached by small or detergent/water mixture bubbles. Significant leaks detached by missing sound or king in areas of leakage and should never be used.

Also proper LPG plant layout should be enhanced to ensure hazard free production process  and the indecent safety must be stately adhered to during plant design.

Safety is everyone’s responsibility, environment for its workers and consumers and environment. People working tools and equipment should be sued in the LPG production. Work procedures must be used. Staff training must be regular. Fire extinguishers must be provided at strategic point for use. Job description minimum standard for equipment, building, products, processes must be set. In short a good production and managing practice must be in place to guarantee safety for all.

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION 

1.1              what is LPG

1.2              production and transportation of LPG

1.3              how LPG is purchased

1.4              LPG location and environment

1.5              How LPG is supplied

1.6              Usage of LPG

CHAPTER TWO

2.0              LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1              LPG properties and hazards

2.2              Emergency procedure

2.3              LPG health and safety policy

2.4              LPG bulk tanks safety

2.5              LPG safety tanks controls

2.6              Autogas safety.

CHAPTER THREE

3.0              SAFETY GUIDELINES IN LPG ENVIRONMEN

3.1       factory act 1958

3.2              operational regulation

3.3              safety department

3.4              LPG plant layout

3.5              Inherent safety

3.6              The Dow/mond indices

3.7              DOMINO Effects

3.8              Autogas environment

3.9              LPG vessels

3.10          Security

3.11          Fire precautions

3.12          Loading and unloading facilities

CHAPTER FOUR

CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

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SAFETY CONCERN IN LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAB ENVIRONMENT

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