THE CAUSES OF HIGH RATE OF SEXUAL PROMISCUITY AMONG TEENAGERS IN ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE (GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS)
- 1.0Background to the Study
Being a teenager gives a child a lot of responsibilities to handle whether boy or girl, for the child no longer depend solely on the father or mother for most decisions taking, including those that are related to sex. Nigeria like people in other countries, derive their code of sexual morality from their various homes, existing traditions and the dominant religion of their places of origin.
According to Douglas Anede, Sunday Vanguard, January 20, 2008 page 19, “in agricultural society of old, most of the things an individual; did is known to his or her neighbours, hence the individual has strong motive for conformity to the society conventions, including correct sexual conduct.” He further stated that, as of today, fewer people lives in isolation and people are more educated and pre-occupied with the hustle and hustle of life to have time to check who is sleeping with who, thus, the birth of sexual promiscuity in the society.
Before the 60s, it was considered a taboo for an unmarried teenage girl to be seen alone in company of brothers or cousin. Then marriages were arranged by parents and a girl must remain a virgin before marriage. Any boy or man who has canal knowledge of a girl outside marriage would be forced to marry the girl and pay her bride price. Adeyinka (2005).
In the early 70s sexual promiscuity started to gain ground as a result of western education which weakened the hold which traditional sexual taboo used to have on people, and virginity before marriage was thrown to the wind. Ademola (2002).
Douglas Besharov, a resident scholar at the American enterprise institute, sates that, more teenagers are becoming sexually active than in the past years and are more likely to use contraceptives than their earlier counterparts. He further reports that by 1988, 70% of teenage females have had sex at least once compared to 40% in 1970s.
From 1990 to date, the rate of sexual promiscuity among teenagers is on a steady increase and it has grown to an extent of alarming rate in the sense that even children between the ages of 10-12 are no longer left out.
A counsellor, Ingrid Trobisch (1983) in one of her books, wrote that during one of her counselling session, she met a thirteen year old girl who said, I quote “by age eleven, I was already being pursued by young men and in fact, I have slept with some of them”, the counsellor expressed her shock at the pride with which she said it. What is beyond the understanding of this research is that, despite the constant campaigns on radio, televisions, schools, postal etc about the dangers of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) especially the dreaded killer HIV/AIDS, the more the rate of sexual promiscuity among teenagers which has motivated the research. “causes of sexual promiscuity among teenagers”.
1.2 Statement of Problem
The study is undertaken as a result of the fact that even as government and non governmental agencies are working hard to curb the dreaded HIV/AIDS diseases, we still hear of increase in the number of those infected daily including new born babies who contacted it from their parents. According to the 2006 sero sentinel survey by the federal ministry of health, it estimated that over 4 million Nigerians are infected, with death rate put at 3 million, as published in the vanguard allure, September 9th, 2007 page 11.
It is expected that with all these information, teenagers would be discouraged from pre-marital sex, rather, the reverse is the case. Therefore, the question is “what are the causes of sexual promiscuity among teenagers?”