CONSTRUCTION OFSIMPLE DISTILLATION UNIT

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CONSTRUCTION OF SIMPLE DISTILLATION UNIT

 

ABSTRACT

Distillation unit is the judgment used for the separation of liquid mixture depending on the volatility of the component. It has the top section and bottom section. In the top section this is where more volatile component goes and the bottom section is where the divider or less volatile component are continued therefore when feed are introduced into the column the vapour flows up the column and liquid counter currently down into the column the vapour on plate. Liquid reaching the bottom of the column is partially in a heated recoiled to prove boil up which is sent back to the column. The reminder of the bottom liquid is withdrawn as bottom product.The vapour reaching the top of the column is cooled by condenser and to liquid is returned to the column as reflux to provide liquid over flow the remainder of the overhead stream is withdrawn as distillate or overhead. The overall separation achieved between the distillate and the bottom depends familiarly on the relative volatility of the components. The greater the relative volatility the easier separation.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

1.0    Introduction

1.1    Background of the study

1.2    Statement of the problems

1.3    Aims/Purpose of the study

1.4    Scope and Limitation of the study

1.5    Method of Research

1.6    Significance of the study

CHAPTER TWO

2.0    Literature Review

2.1    The theory of Distillation

2.2.1 Simple Distillation

2.2.2 Fractional Distillation

2.2.3 Steam Distillation

2.2.4 Vacuum Distillation

2.2.5 Short Path Distillation

2.3    Distillation Process

2.3.1 Binary Distillation

2.3.2 Multi-component Distillation

2.3.3 The bath Distillation Unit

2.4    Importance of Simple Distillation

CHAPTER THREE

3.0    Selection of engineering material for construction

3.1    Classification of material for construction

3.2    Effect of Temperature on the mechanical properties

3.3    Corrosion and Erosion resistance

3.4    Economics consideration (cost)

3.5    Contamination

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0    Fabrication Procedure

4.1    Dimension for the Distillation Unit

4.2    Method of Fabrication

 

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0    Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1    Conclusion

5.2    Recommendation

Appendix I

Appendix II

Reference

  

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CONSTRUCTION OF SIMPLE DISTILLATION UNIT

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