SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

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SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT (A CASE STUDY OF IMPACT OF DELTA STATE UNIVERSITY ON ABRAKA COMMUNITY)

 

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
From a functional perspective social institutions (SIs) regulate the social space, ensuring that there is relative stability and security. Without these institutions, modern societies
will be chaotic, dysfunctional, and devoid of social harmony. In other words, society will be socially unbearable without the structures of organisation that SIs provide. Social
Institutions are agencies of socialisation that help achieve the common objectives of human societies. Their primary function is to promote social integration and inclusion. Yet,
in what is an apparent paradox in today’s modern society, social institutions, in some instances are believed to be functioning in ways that exclude large populations from
being part of a shared prosperity. It can be argued that Social Institutions formulates social codes and frameworks that guide behaviour in societies. But many times, these
codes/frameworks become obstacles to equal opportunities for many individuals and groups, including women and children. As a social institution, education is integral in the
building of the moral fabric and ethics of society. In many ways religion mediates how individuals in the society experience other Social Institutions. Education as a social
institution plays a key role in the development of contexts of meaning, value orientations, symbolic codes and the concept of right or wrong. It is one of the few common
grounds between the rich and the poor in Nigeria. Thus, the proliferation of educational institutions in Nigeria should have a positive impact on social integration. Human
beings are to educate and to be educated. The primary aim of education is to sustain individual and societal improvement. This process contains both tangible and moral
dimensions. Educational programs and policies play a pivotal role in this social and individual progress. Social progress clearly indicates a general development in the
community in terms of economic, social and cultural aspects. In sociological terminology, social development is used for a concept displaying all positive developments in the
social construct. To put it differently, this is to state a society which is considered to be progressing and changing from a fairly less decent situation to a favourably better
conditions with respect to economic, social and political issues. The main difference between the living and the non-living is that the former always renews itself. One of the
mechanisms which provides and maintain this renewal is education. Thus, the comprehension and explanation of the role of education in this social development is of
paramount importance so as to understand the previously stated progress and change.

 

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SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT (A CASE STUDY OF IMPACT OF DELTA STATE UNIVERSITY ON ABRAKA COMMUNITY)

 

 

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