APPRAISAL OF SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN THE OLD PEOPLE’S HOME ( EDUCATION PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS)
Background of the Study
Ageing process is a biological reality which has it own dynamics, largely beyond human control. However, it is subject to the constructions by which each society makes senses of old age.
In the developed world, chronological time plays a paramount role the age between 60 and 65 years is (retirement age) in most developed countries, is said to be the beginning of old age. In many parts of the developing world, chronological time has little or no importance in the meaning of old age, other socially constructed meaning of age are more significant such as the role assigned to older people, in some case it is the loss of roles accompanying physical decline which is significant in defining old age. Thus in contrast to the chronological rule which marks life stages in the developed world, old age in many developing countries is seem to begin at the pint when active contribution is no longer possible(Gorman 2000).
Age classification varied between countries many times the definition is linked to the retirement age, which in some instances was lower for women than men. This transition in livelihood becomes the basis for the definition of old age which occurred between the ages of 45 and 55 years, for women and between the ages of 55 and 75 years for men (Thane 1978).
According to Glascock (1980) study result published and provides a basis for a definition of old age in developing countries. There are four main categories; chronological, change in social role, change in work patterns, adult status of children and menopause and change in social and change in capacities, i.e. invalid status, senility and change in physical characteristics. Results form this cultural analysis of old age suggested that change in social role is the predominant means of defining old age. As people enter old age, their self definitions of old age become decreasingly multifaceted and increasingly related to health status (Brubaker 1975, Johnson 1976 and Frend 1997).