STUDYING AND ANALYZING THE CHARACTERIZATION OF SOME BRANDED MOTOR OIL

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STUDYING AND ANALYZING THE CHARACTERIZATION OF SOME BRANDED MOTOR OIL

 

ABSTRACT

This project work, characterization of some branded motor oil was aimed at studying and analyzing the characteristics/properties of lubricating oils of various brands it also exphered the origin, properties, refining and exploration techniques of crude oil to produce variety of products such as liquid petrol, lubricating oil, waxes etc.

Furthermore, physical tests or characterization tests such as viscously, density, flash point and colour measurement were performed on four different samples of lubricating oils from different manufactures such as total SAE 40 Quartz 2500 super heavy duty engine oil, MOBIL HD – 40 SAE 40, AP Super V 20w-50 viscostatic, and total SAE 40 PLUS in order to asses the qualities of these lubricating oils. The viscosity was done using the viscometer, the flash point test were conducted using the c level and cup flash point tester and the density obtained using the simple hydrometer measurement and the result were recorded as Sharon in section 2.7 of chapter two the viscosities of the various brand analysed fall between 32 and 33kg/ms, where as the flash points is between 2200C to 240C.

This work was also extended to cover the various types of lubricating also such as Engine oil, general purpose lubricant, gear oils, marine oil, and hydraulic oils; and their primary and secondary functions and the various classifications of lubricating oils such as society of automotive engineers (SAE), American Petroleum Institute (AP) and International standard Organization (ISO) classification, which are based on viscosity.  

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

1.1       INTRODUCTION

1.2       SCOPE AND OBJECTIVE

CHAPTER TWO

2.1         HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF

LUBRICATIONS OILS

2.2         PRODUCTION OF OIL

2.3         CRUDE OIL EXPLORATION TECHNIQUE

2.4         CRUDE OIL REFINING

2.5         PROPERTIES OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

2.6         LUBRICATING OILS AND LUBRICANTS

2.6.1     FUNCTIONS OF LUBRICATING OILS

AND LUBRICANTS

2.6.2     MINERAL OILS

2.6.3     TYPES OF LUBRICATING OIL

2.6.4     VISCOSITY CLASSIFICATION OF

LUBRICATING OIL

2.7         Analysis of some selected branded motor oils

2.7.1     CHANGE IN VISCOSITY OF LUBRICATING OIL WITH TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE.

2.7.2     LOW-TEMPERATURE VISCOSITY AND EASE OF STARTING

2.7.3     ADDITIVES

2.8         Properties of lubricating oils

2.8.1   Blending Of Lubricating Oil

2.9         Motor oil deterioration

CHAPTER THREE

3.1         METHODS OF CHARACTERIZATION

OF MOTOR OILS

3.2         EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS OF

LUBRICATING OILS

3.3         RESULT ANALYSIS

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1       DISCUSSION

4.2       CONCLUSION

4.3       RECOMMENDATION

REFERENCES

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL 

STUDYING AND ANALYZING THE CHARACTERIZATION OF SOME BRANDED MOTOR OIL

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