SURVEY OF PLANTS USED IN BEAUTY CARE AMONG THE FULANI’S IN WAMAKKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF SOKOTO STATE

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SURVEY OF PLANTS USED IN BEAUTY CARE AMONG THE FULANI’S IN WAMAKKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF SOKOTO STATE

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

The use of plant for beauty care solutions dates back to antiquity and various testimonials inform us on the use of plants in beauty care treatment during the ancient period. Women of the ancient world used the grounded leaves and seeds of plants on their hair, face and over-all body, drank herbal tonics and oil obtained from herbs for different body massages. These treatments were used during that time in countries like Rome, China and Latin America. Indian Ayurveda too has been promoting the use of herbs for skin and beauty care for over 5000 years (Annonymous, 2006).

Plants can be used for beauty in original or compound form. They act against the internal impurities and external toxins of our body, and add additional nutrients to it to make it glow and shine. Plant provides natural flawless treatment to our skin, nourish it leading to its internal development.

In addition, plants play an important role in the life of all mankind including the animals. It is from the plant we derive the food we eat, oxygen for respiration, shelter, cloth and medicine which are the basic requirements for one to survive. The use of plants for traditional medicine has a wide range of accessibility. Different tradition and culture

in a particular area used plants around them to cure different ailments. According to World Health Organization (WHO, 1976), traditional medicine is an integral part of the culture of people who practice it. Moreover, it reflected not only the culture but social, moral, believes and religious background of the people that were present in a given community. Many diseases are cured by the use of the plants such as skin diseases, diabetes, diarrhea, hypertension, ulcer and asthma etc. It was reported by Farnsworth & Soejarto (1991) and WHO (2002) that about 70-80% of people all over the world rely on traditional herbal medicine to meet their primary health care needs and this shows how important these medicinal plants are to the world. Therefore, medicinal plants have been used for millennia in virtually all cultures and serve both as a source of income and a source of affordable healthcare (World Bank, 1997). Hamilton (2004) documented that about 53,000 plant species are used for medicinal purposes worldwide. Also, the world market for traditional medicine in 2008 was calculated to be worth US $83 billion  (WHO, 2011). Traditional and folkloric medicines bequeathed through generations are rich in domestic recipes and communal practice and the use of traditional medicines and medicinal plants has been widely observed in most developing countries (Shinwari, 2010). Hamilton (2004) estimated up to 15-39% of total income from the sale of medicinal plants for people living in developing countries.

SURVEY OF PLANTS USED IN BEAUTY CARE AMONG THE FULANI’S IN WAMAKKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF SOKOTO STATE

SURVEY OF PLANTS USED IN BEAUTY CARE AMONG THE FULANI’S IN WAMAKKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF SOKOTO STATE