- BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
There is no human endeavor that does not require proper management for its proper functioning. All types of organization government establishments, business enterprises, hospitals, schools, cooperatives, churches among other require good management to function effectively. Managing is one of the most important activities that covers all originations. Where people work together for the attainment of a set objective, there is a need for management that is charged with the responsibilities of ensuring that the aims and objectives of the organization are realized.
Management however is defined as getting things done through others. It involves the coordination of all resources of an organization through the process of planning, organizing, directing and controlling in order to attain organizational objectives. The successful attainment of our educational goals or objectives requires proper management of all resources in education that will lead to the attainment of the goals in education (mentor, 2004). Thus teachers of English education must master the way learning takes place and discover how to effectively manage classroom lessons so as to maximize learning.
The term classroom management usually refers to management of physical environment and instructional materials (Olurundare, 2004). It also concerns with the organization of non academic task such as checking of class attendance, record keeping of class progress, monitoring and regulating the activities and behavior of students maintaining order and disorder which are essential for teaching and learning. Contributing to effective classroom management by the teacher, Balawin (2006) maintained that there should be necessary equipment to help the teacher manages the class with ease. He listed this equipment to include:
- Maintenance of class discipline
- Giving rewards and punishment
- Motivation to how to maintain it in the class.
- Vested knowledge of the subject matter, methods and individual differences of the students.
This Implies that good or effective classroom management is key to academic success of the student. However where effective classroom management was lacking, there is bound to be indiscipline in the class and teaching and learning would be disrupted or affected adversely. Oliver and Reschly (2007) noted that classroom management is a factor that influences academic performance in schools. Classroom management refers to preventing disruptive behaviour so as to improve academic performance of students. Academic performance refers to the ability of students to remember facts and be able to communicate their knowledge verbally or through writing. Also academic performance refers to performance in tests and examinations (Cambridge University Reporter, 2003).
Effective classroom management is determined by teacher’s qualification, teacher’s experience, instructional methods used and the methods of assessment (Oliver & Reschly, 2007). Sound behaviour management establishes environments that make good instruction possible, at the sane time effective instructional methods reduces behaviour problems through engaging students in meaningful academic tasks (Emmer and Stough, 2007). The inabilities to effectively manage classroom behaviour contribute to low academic achievement. (Donovan and cross, 2002). To Emmer and Stough, 2007), the inability to mange the classroom behaviour is a result of teachers shortage that allows for less qualified and less experienced teachers to handle classroom. Emmer and Stough (2007) observes that the ability of teacher to organize classrooms and mange the behaviour of their students is critical to achieving positive educational outcomes. A good classroom management makes good instruction possible, in addition, classroom management is a significant part of an effective teaching learning process. Due to effective classroom management, students flourish in a positive class climate and a compassionate environment. From a student’s perspective, effective classroom management provides them the opportunities to socialize themselves while learning.