TEACHERS CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT AND STUDENTS PERFORMANCE OF ACADEMIC IN BUSINESS STUDIES

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TEACHERS CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT AND STUDENTS PERFORMANCE OF ACADEMIC IN BUSINESS STUDIES

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

Teaching is one of the most difficult jobs of all because you have to consider, while teaching, issues such as student performance, backgrounds, interest, most suitable teaching methods. However, first of all, the teachers should provide best learning environment such as warm, cooperative, relaxed atmosphere and suitable materials for the students so that they can easily acquire the knowledge. (Dodge and Colker 2009).

Classroom management is a cardinal feature of the total education process. It contains all the steps through which interaction between the educator and the educant take place. Classroom management is the process of ensuring that classroom lessons run smoothly despite of disruptive behaviour by students, the term also refers to the prevention of disruptive behaviour of students. (Berliner, 2008).

Classroom management refers to all those essential activities which are highly necessary not only to create but also maintain a supportive and orderly atmosphere. it includes planning and preparation of teaching and learning materials, organization of the materials, decoration of the classroom, creation of expectation and establishment and enforcement of rules and routines in the classroom (Parson, 2003).

Classroom management is a complex exercise in the process of education. It demands talent, skills, energy and ability from teachers to manage classroom because it directly deals with behaviours of learners. Human behaviour is the most complex phenomenon. Teacher with highly practical vision, strategies, skills and knowledge can manage classroom effectively. The terms classroom management includes all those decision that teachers take to facilitate the learning process and to provide the students maximum opportunity for learning.

According to Berliner (2001), classroom management includes all those essential activities which are important to maintain an environment which generate necessary and positive conditions for learning. To achieve this purpose, teacher may plan rationally for their lesson, prepare teaching and learning materials more judiciously, organize the content, decorate classroom and establish daily routines.There is another perhaps related issue that has received less attention but is nevertheless a concern for educators, over the past few decades has consistently indicated that new teachers feel unprepared when it comes to classroom management skills (Duck, 2007).In addition, it is a well-established fact that students’ misbehaviour is a factor in teacher burnout and the decision of novice teachers to leave the profession. It seems that the need for successful classroom management skills has not diminished during a time when reform has put the spotlight on academic testing and student achievement.

The aim is to encourage students towards learning contributes to enhanced academic achievements of students, increased teacher efficacy, improved students behaviour and teachers teaching. Feldman (2007), considers classroom management not only related to management of students’ behaviour but also to lesson planning of teacher, organizing of the materials, effective teaching and learning experience within classrooms.

This situation will enable students to discuss their needs with teacher, also feel comfortable to intellectual risk. Therefore, class rules and routines must be mentioned both verbally and in written form. Example should be share wherever necessary by the teachers through modeling during teaching and learning.

According to Thomas (2008), cited that, in the development of a positive classroom environment a teacher plays a highly important role. Teachers can create such conditions inside the classroom where students feel safe and learn how to work together effectively as individuals. Here, the role of the teachers is to maximize learning and minimize disruptions by fostering among students attitudes of trust, tolerance, acceptance and cooperation. Canter (2001), argue that there are two goals of classroom management:

  • To create and maintain a highly supportive learning environment
  • To promote a safe classroom community so that students interest, motivation and involvement in the learning process to allow student to establish relationship, openly and set targets for themselves.

The way teachers conduct the classroom matters has a depth influence upon their own teaching and learning of students, because classroom is a place where the closest interaction between the students and the teachers take place (Muhammed, 2001).

Effective classroom management decides the effectiveness of teacher teaching quality and students learning. Effective teacher create a sound, supportive and friendly environment in classroom where students feel safe, respected, cared and secured.

For this purpose effective teachers create conditions of cooperation, discipline and responsibility both for atmosphere. Their role is crucial in influencing the behaviours of students. Teachers who plan practically are able to overcome many classroom problem such disruption, deviant behavior or misbehaviours of students. In this regard the nature of plays a vital role, for example, different teachers have different ways of instinctively managing the classroom environment and patterns of setting up classroom that best fits their purposes. (Aly, 2007). Managing a classroom is the ultimate responsibility of a teacher. The way a teacher manage the classroom will change the thinking of the students toward learning. It also defines the role of the students, their behaviour or; choices, and the overall targets and tone of the school. Strong and consistent management and organizational skills have been identified as leading to fewer classroom discipline problem. A study by Ali (2000), revealed that today many teachers in Ikot Ekpene Schools zone for comprise of such children who are disenchanted, disturbed and disruptive. Many of such children live in rural areas with parents who are either not educated or have a disturbed family relationship.

TEACHERS CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT AND STUDENTS PERFORMANCE OF ACADEMIC IN BUSINESS STUDIES

TEACHERS CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT AND STUDENTS PERFORMANCE OF ACADEMIC IN BUSINESS STUDIES