EFFECTS OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ENHANCE THE TEACHING/LEARNING PROCESS BY EXHIBITING INFORMATION NECESSARY TO ACQUIRE KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS

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EFFECTS OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ENHANCE THE TEACHING/LEARNING PROCESS BY EXHIBITING INFORMATION NECESSARY TO ACQUIRE KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS

 

ABSTRACT

Instructional materials enhance the teaching/learning process by exhibiting information necessary to acquire knowledge and skills. The acquisition of basic vocational knowledge, skills and attitudes to facilitate occupational efficiency requires skill oriented teaching and learning activities. Over the years, the poor performance of students in public examinations has been blamed on the wrong choice of teaching methods by teachers. Teaching and learning activities have a lot to do with other variables, such as instructional materials, school environment variables, students’ factors and so on.

In this study, instructional material utilization is the main focus in order to determine their effects on the performance of the students. Instructional materials are the devices developed or acquired to assist or facilitate teachers in transmitting, organized knowledge skills and attitudes to the learners within an instructional situation.

Teachers use different instructional materials to motivate learning. The success in the skill and knowledge acquisition in an instructional situation depends on the suitability of the instructional material, adequacy and effective utilization of the available materials. Also, the relevance of instructional materials to the objective of the lesson and the ease of use of the instructional materials are serious considerations in instructional materials utilization to better the learner’s performance.

The role of instructional materials in the teaching/learning process cannot be overemphasized. They facilitate and encourage self-study or independent study in students. The finding of this study has shown that inadequate use or lack of use of instructional materials in the teaching/learning situation (lecture method) negates the objective of teaching. Teachers who do not make use of instructional materials hide in the cover of none supply of the teaching resources. Therefore, as a matter of policy implementation, the governments at all levels should supply regularly standardized instructional materials, some useful hard and soft ware’s for use in schools. The vocational, technology and science teachers should be trained retrained and exposed regularly to make them to be up to date in the effective selection and utilization of instructional materials for effective teaching.

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EFFECTS OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ENHANCE THE TEACHING/LEARNING PROCESS BY EXHIBITING INFORMATION NECESSARY TO ACQUIRE KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS