The central Business District (C.B.D) is the focal point of the city which comprises of all activities such as commercial, social, civic life, cultural and prominent land use.
Majority of the central area of the city provides a wide different of uses serving the needs not only of the towns own residents, but also of people in the neighboring villages or small towns that come within the surrounding of its zone.
It is an area of rapid growth in population, so the demand upon its central area services becomes intensified. Large building are developed while residential buildings are given over to commercial, industrial, education, civic or other non- residential uses.
The above features often create certain problems which may be in compatible with the zoning regulation of an area or it may structurally affect the existing land uses of the area. In view of the above statement, this project will highlight the main reason responsible for incompatible land use in the central area which include poor classification of central area uses, lack of zoning of building use group and the traffic circulation problem(vehicular versus pedestrians traffic). The general existing land use of the study area, impact of government on land use control and management as well as the problems caused by the incompatible. Land uses in the study area, will be discussed and appropriate recommendation will be given.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of Contents
1.1 Statement of Problem
1.2 Aim and Objectives
1.3 Significance of the study
1.4 Scope of study
1.5 Limitation of study
1.6 Study Area
1.7 Definition of Terms
2.0 Theoretical framework and literature review
2.1 Concentric zone theory
2.2 Sector theory
2.2.1 Neighborhood by homer, Hoyt
2.3 Multiple nuclei theory
2.4 Urban location
2.5 Factor that determine the pattern of land uses
2.6 Review of existing literature
3.0 Preamble [Introduction]
3.1 Method of data collection
3.2 Target population
3.3 Sample frame
3.4 Sample size
3.5 sampling technique
3.6 Data Instrument
3.7 Data analysis
4.0 Data presentation and analysis
4.2 Effect of the incompatible land uses in the study area
4.3 Government impact on land use control and management
5.0 Summary, recommendations and conclusion
According to market beat United States C.B.D. office report 2011, scallywag org.uk website) A city core is after referred to as its central business district (C.B.D). It contains the peak land value which is usually an intersection and is often an area of congestion.
The CBD or central business district is focal point of a city. It is the commercial, office, retail, and cultural center of the city and usually is the center point for transportation networks
THE HISTORY OF THE CBD
The CBD developed as the market square in ancient cities. On market days, farmers, merchants and consumers would gather in the center of the city to exchange, buy, and sell goods. This ancient market is the fore runner to the CBD.
As cities grew and developed, CBDs become fixed location where retail and commerce took place. The CBD is typically is at or near the oldest part of the city and is often near a major transportation route that provided the site for the city’s location, such as a river, railway, or highway.
Over time, the CBD develop into a center of finance and control government as well as office space. In the early 1900s, European and American cities had CBD that featured primarily retail and commercial cores. In the mid 20th century, the CBD expanded to include office space and commercial business while retail too k a back seat. The growth of the sky scraper occurred in CBD making them more and more dense.
THE MODERN CBD
By the beginning of the 21st century, the CBD had become a diverse region of the metropolitan area and included residential, retail, commercial, government, financial is institutions, medical centers, and culture. The experts of the city are often located at work Places of institutions in the CBD- lawyers, doctors, academics, government officials and bureaucrats, entertainers, directors and financiers.
The recent decades, the combination of gentrification (residential expansion) and development of shopping malls as entertainment centers have given the CBD new life. Once can now find, in addition to housing, mega- ,as, theaters, museums, and stadiums. Sam Diego’s Horton plaza is an example of redeveloping the downtown as an entertainment and shopping district. Pedestrian malls are also common today in CBD in an effort to make the CBD a 24hour a day destination for not only those who work in the CBD but also to bring in people to live and to play in the CBD. Without entertainment and cultural opportunities, the CBD is often far more populated during the day than at night as relatively few workers live in the CBD and most do commute to their jobs in the CBD. By matt Rosenberg, (2008)
Hence, the ways in which incompatible of land uses exist between commercial, industrial and residential land use in the central business district of Ilorin metropolis will be examined by taking Tanke area and Taiwo Road as a selected area for the study.