THE IMPACT OF EMPLOYEE PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING IN ORGANIZATIONAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT A CASE STUDY OF PHCN OLEH DISTRICT

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ABSTRACT
This study examines the impact of employee participation in decision making in organizational growth and development using power holding company of Nigeria (PHCN Oleh district). During the study data was collected with aid of questionnaires that was distributed to employees in the district. Frequency distribution converted into percentage was used in analyzing the data for ease of interpretation. The findings revealed that employees participation has a positive impact on organizational growth. It also revealed that employee always has the desire to make suggestion that can enable the organization to achieve its objective but the opportunity is not given to them. On the other hand, when it is provided, their suggestion is not accepted. This study therefore recommend that, management should restructure their organizational decision making process to involve employee especially in issues impact. Their jobs in order to measure the growth and development of the district.

TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page…………………………………………………………………….i
Declaration…………………………………………………………….…….ii
Certification / approval page………………………………………………iv
Dedication……………………………………………………………………v
Acknowledgements…………………………………………………………vi
Abstract……………………………………………………………………….vii
Table of Contents…………………………………………………………..viii
Chapter One Introduction
1.1 Background of the Study………………………………………………1
1.2 Statement of the Problem……………………………………………..2
1.3 Purpose of the Study……………………………………………………3
1.4 Research Question……………………………………………………..3
1.5 Significant of Study……………………………………………………..4
1.6 Scope of the Study………………………………………………………4
1.7 Limitation of the Study…………………………………………………..5
1.8 The History of PHCN……………………………………………………5
1.9 Operation / definition of terms…………………………………………..7
Chapter Two: Literature Review
2.1 Introduction……………………………………………………………….9
2.2 The Process Procedure in Decision Making………………………….10
2.3 The Concept Employee’s Participation………………………………..11
2.4 employee’s participation: theoretical perspective…………………….12
2.5 Degree of Employee’s Participation in Decision Making……………13
2.6 The Impact on Organization Growth…………………………………..14
2.7 Organizational Commitments Towards Goals………………………16
2.8 Participation as a Tool for Change……………………………………17
2.9 overview of employee’s participation…………………………………18
Chapter Three: Methodology
3.1 Introduction………………………………………………………………20
3.2 Research Design…………………………………………………………20
3.3 Population of the study………………………………………………….20
3.4 Sample Size and Sampling Procedure……………………………….20
3.5 Instruments for Data Collection………………………………………..21
3.6 Method of Data Collection…………………………………………….22
3.7 Method of Data Analysis……………………………………………….22
Chapter Four: Data Presentation and Analysis
4.1 Introduction……………………………………………………………….23
4.2 Data Presentation and Analysis…………………….…………………..23
Chapter five: Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations
5.1 Summary of Findings……………………………………………………30
5.2 Conclusion………………………………………………………………..30
5.3 Recommendation………………………………………………………..31
Bibliography……………………………………………………………………..33
Appendix A..……………………………………………………….…………….34
Appendix B………………………………………………………………………35

CHAPTER ON

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Decision making which is seen as the process of choosing from alternative is a part of our every day activities.
Decision have to be made concerning what to do, how to do it, when to do it and who to do it.
In an organization like power holding company of Nigeria (PHCN), decision making cannot be properly carried out choosing the goals and objectives of the organization, which can only be met with effective implementation.
Managers end to formulate, assess and select alternative for the organization without their employees participation, whose major duty is to implement the alternatives selected.
The implication is that, managers disregard their employees’ job needs which must be fulfilled in the decision making process.
Some of these needs are enjoying self – fulfilling, sharing organizational goals and objectives.
The impact of employee participation in decision making in an organizational growth and development have two key concepts.
The first refer to managerial approach where by employees are allowed to take part in matters that effect them in the organization.
This can be possible when the management style of leadership democratic in nature, but when it is autocratic management style, it cannot work, because it does not give room for participation.
Employees will become more committed to the achievement of organizational objectives if they are include in decision making.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The indigenous organisation in the country that every average Nigeria worker should be committed towards his or her work will not stop if employee’s participation in business organizations, decision is not granted by management or managers.
This study is therefore set out to unrevealed the reason for employee’s participation and how the introduction of this can help to forestall the above statement is what the study is intend to establish

1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The study has a set of aims, which it strives to achieve.
To find out if employee’s participation in decision making can have a positive impact on organization growth and development
The emphasis the need for managers to always allow proper degree of employee’s participation in organizational decision making
To ascertain the degree of employee’s participation that is accepted in PHCN oleh district
To establish the extent to which lack of employee participation in decision making has been instrumental to the low level of growth and development in PHCN oleh district delta state.
To proffer solution to number four above based in research findings.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

Do manager allow their employee’s participation in organization decision making?

Is the lack of employee’s participation in decision making responsible for low growth and development level in PHCN oleh district?

How does employee’s participation positively impact growth and development?

Does any relationship exist between employee’s participation in decision making and organizational growth?

THE IMPACT OF EMPLOYEE PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING IN ORGANIZATIONAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT A CASE STUDY OF PHCN OLEH DISTRICT