TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Aim and objectives of the study
1.4 Significance of the study
1.5 Research questions
1.6 Scope of the study
1.7 Limitation of the study
1.8 Study plan
1.9 Definitions of key terms
2.1 Definition of Leadership and Leadership Style
2.2 Leadership Theories
2.2.1 Great Man/Traits Approach to Leadership
2.2.2 Behavioural Approach to Leadership
2.2.3 situational Approach to Leadership
2.2.4 Fielders Contingency Approach to Leadership
2.3 Leadership Styles and Behaviour
2.3.1 Leadership Styles Based on the use of Authority
2.3.2 Likert’s Four System
2.3.3 Managerial Grid
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Historical Background of PHCN PLC
3.2 Research Hypothesis
3.3 Methods of Data Collection
3.4 Population and Sample Size
3.5 Sampling Techniques
3.6 Methods of Data Analysis
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION ANALYSIS
4.1 Demographic Characteristics Analysis
4.2 Leadership Styles Analysis
1.1 Background to the Study
The performance of any enterprise or the life spans of an organization, whether large or small is directly proportional to the finality of its leadership. In the light of fact, an organization or community will only succeed, towards the achievement of a group goal, only if the reign of a leader exists. Thus; a leader is someone who has the ability to inspire, motivate and use power effectively and in a responsible manner towards the achievement of a goal considering this, leadership can simply be define as the act or process of influencing people, so that they will strive willingly and enthusiastically towards the achievement of a group goals.
Yusuf (2001) argues that the ability of any organization to achieve its desire goals and objectives depends on the nature of its leadership. However empirical evidence has tends to show that leadership plays very significant roles in effective and efficiency of any organization. Ogunsan 91985) and Ochia (1987) admitted in their study that leadership skill were very effective in enhancing performance. Hence, leadership has a significant managerial factors and ingredients in the success of any organization.
Ingredient of Leadership
A. The ability to use power effectively and in a responsible manner.
B. The ability to inspire
C. The ability to comprehend that human being has different motivational forces at different time and in different situation.
D. The ability to act in a manner that will develop a climate conducive to responding to and arousing motivation.
Thus, the move a leader understand what motivate their subordinate and how these motivation operate the better the actualization of a group goal, David Mann (1985) sees styles of leadership as some of the basic requirement for achieving good management, administration and good leadership. Leadership styles may be defined as a designing pattern of behaviour used in integrating both the organization and personal interest in achieving the organization aim and objectives. Furthermore, these styles of leadership are many but three are commonly in used in most establishment; free vein leadership style, autocratic leadership style and democratic leadership style. It is generally believed that good leadership style will increase organizational performance, lower unit cost, high morale sustain and improve management- labour relationship (Nwachukwu 1988).
- Statement to the Study
Over the year, scholar have extensively research on the effective leadership styles in an organization. Prominent among then are Stodgill, Fieldler Likert, Blade and Monton, Tennenbaum and so forth.
Leadership have been seen involving a variety of styles, ranging from one that is highly boos-centered to that is highly subordinate with suggestion that no one style is always right and another is not always wrong in the context of business and services industries to achieve goals. More so, for manager or leader at appropriate leadership styles in an establishment, some situational factors need to be considered. These include position power, task structure and leader member relations.