THE IMPORTANCE OF COMMUNICATION IN SECRETARIAL ADMINISTRATION

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ABSTRACT

Communication is the heart of all social intercourse. Whenever man has come to establish regular relations with one another, the nature of the systems of communication created them; the forms these have taken and the measure of effectiveness they have attained have largely determined the chances of bringing communities closer together or making them one.

It is the aim of this research to find out how important communication is to secretarial administration and the problems associated with it.

A number of past related literature were   examined as it relates to communication and its importance in the administration of a secretariat.

The questionnaire was designed, validated and administered on the respondents. Data gathered thereof were analyzed using simple percentage analysis.

By and large, it was discovered  among others that communication helps in the dissemination of the goals of the organisation especially to a secretary, it is also used for the organising of human material resources.

It was however, recommended intreallia that communication outfits should rehabilitate their network and promote dialoged by making more use of non technical language in their communication.

To this end, the researchers, considering that the interest of new issues will continue to grow, realises that the importance of the new order we seek is not only a goal but a stage in a journey. It is continuing quest for more within all organisations. This research represents what the researchers believes they have learnt. And this above all, is what they wishes to communicate.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Communication services started in 1886 when the British colonial power in Nigeria established a wireless contact between Lagos and London under the CABLE AND WIRELESS COMPANY. This was followed by the establishment of telephone services in government offices in Lagos. By 1928, the first service trunk had extended to the hinterland reaching Ilorin, Jebba and Calabar. Further, the service extended to the principal town of the country reaching Kano by 1952.

Telecommunication infrastructure was purposely developed to support the colonial administrative set up and as such, services were developed in two parallel schemes. The internet services were provided by the governments posts and telecommunications (P &T) Department while the external services were carried out by the CABLE AND WIRELESS COMPANY. This parallel scheme persisted up to 1984 even though, after independence in 1960, government took over the CABLE Company known as NIGERIA EXTERNAL TELECOMMUNICATION (NET) a limited liability company. When NET was established in 1963, it was jointly owned by government and the CABLE AND WIRELESS on equal basis.

The second phase of taken over came in 1972 when the government acquired 100% of NET shares. Over the four development plans expenditure, the set objectives were quite ambitious but actual implementations over these period was less impressive. They were:

i.              At the end of first plan in 1968, the country had installed 22,000 main telephone lines.

ii.            At the second planned period from 1970 to 1975, the network stood at 52,000 main telephone lines. The second planned period also ushered in the use of satellite for International Gateway in Lagos with standard A – EARTH Station at Lanlate in Oyo State.

iii.           The third planned period from 1975 to 1980 saw the network grow to 188,000 main telephone lines, 5,000 telex lines and the extension of the Euro-West Africa submarine cable via Abidgjan to Lagos.

iv.           The fourth phase from 1981 to 1985 brought in a second international Gateway at Kujama, Kaduna state in 1983. The total installed capacity as at the end of 1984 was 250,000 main telephone lines.

With effect from January 1985, government decided to make fundamental changes in the structure of the communication section. NET and telecommunication arm of P & T were merged to form what is known as the Nigerian Telecommunication limited, by the then minister of communications col. A.A. Abdullahi, while the postal unit still remains government department called Nigerian Posts (NIPOST) responsible for postal services only.

NITEL was given the responsibility of providing integrated internal and external services with autonomy as a commercial organisation to support itself without government subvention. The ownership was however, 100% government.

The world in pursuit of general economic development, started experiencing a progressive departure from government and state owned natural monopolies to commercialized and privatized public utilities and enterprises. On the heels of these melodramatic changes, are the emerging technologies which are redefining the traditional methods of business practices and social integration.

In consonance with the burgeoning   trends world –wide, coupled with the focus on performance of parastatals and government owned enterprises as the raison d’etre for the creation by the federal government of the defunct Technical Committee on privatization and commercialization (TCPC), the Nigerian telecommunication  eventually gained the status of a fully commercialized but government owned entity in January 1992. With the subsequent signing of the performance agreement by NITEL Ltd in May, 1992, the  Onus of  sourcing and   appropriating funds and the general management of human and material resources of the company fell on it’s shoulders.

Understandably therefore, and in pursuance of the initiative towards the deregulation of it’s telecommunication sector, the federal government formally inaugurated the Nigeria communication commission (NCC) on the 16th of July 1993 to set standards, regulate, monitor and arbitrate on all activities in the eight areas open to private sector participation.

THE IMPORTANCE OF COMMUNICATION IN SECRETARIAL ADMINISTRATION