THE EFFECT OF WORK ENVIRONMENT ON EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY: A CASE STUDY OF DELTA LINE

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THE EFFECT OF WORK ENVIRONMENT ON EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY: A CASE STUDY OF DELTA LINE

INTRODUCTION

This section  shall examine  at  length  the meaning  of  the effect  of work  environment  and  some  selected theories  of work  environment. Also brief attention will be given to the application of the various existing theories in respect of the Nigeria work environment. Over the years, theories has made series of attempt to unravel the mystery surrounding why people tend to display  certain behaviour in a given condition, they believe that every behaviour manifested in the work place or otherwise is a goal directed. Work environment entails its buildings, its furniture, and layout as well as the physical condition under which employee operate. This brings us to the definition of environment.
Kochan (1980) considers environment in the following context, economic context, and social and technology context. It could be looked at as the surrounding of all situation, people event etc that influence life. Thus, people who are working in a good environment exert greater effort to perform than those who work in an unhealthy environment. However, this definition above as related to the following theorist tells us more about work environment.

2.2  TYPES OF WORK ENVIRONMENT
Work environment are grouped into two; the internal environment and the external environment.

THE EXTERNAL WORK ENVIRONMENT
Molokwu (1993) see’s external work environment as a result of factors such as custom and laws of the community within which the business operate, weather condition, policies etc outside the work environment.
Kochan (1980) was of the opinion that external work environment are exhaustively discussed as under the following environment contexts such as economic context, public, policy context, etc.

THE INTERNAL WORK ENVIRONMENT
Internal work environment is seen as the surroundings such as things concerned with the operation. Molokwu (1993) on his own view that internal work environment consist of the buildings, furnitures, layout, as well as the physical conditions under which employees operate.

2.3  GENERAL EFFECT OF WORK ENVIRONMENT
The environment has many effects  and opined by the following theorists, Gnaft (1964) comments on the effect of work environment, in his write up he stated that environmental factors contributes to employees productivity, quality output, level of wastage and rate of turnover. He further postulated that unhealthy depressing and unsafe work environment leads to job dissatisfaction and eventually low productivity. He went further to mention that when an office is grossly deficient in stimulation, the resultant effects are absenteeism, lateness, wastage of resources, disobedience and many other negative attitudes.
Hicks (1974), opined that poor working environment expose employees to injuries, discomfort and helps to reduce productivity, therefore an organization has to provide a conducive environment that will protect them under emergency conditions.
Flippo (1993), postulated that the physical environment is our greatest material resource without relatively clean air, pure or clean water and hygienic surroundings, people become unfit to work and for living. He further stated that air is not polluted and that safety of employees must be protected for higher productivity by  ensuring that air is not polluted and that the physical environment should be devoid of any injury or threat to the life of workers.

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THE EFFECT OF WORK ENVIRONMENT ON EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY: A CASE STUDY OF DELTA LINE

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