DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF AN AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM

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ABSTRACT

The work presents a design of a computerized traffic offence of documentation and reporting system.  A Computerized traffic offence of documentation and reporting system is concerned with the computerization of traffic information records appraisal for Road Marshal in order to achieve the aims and objectives of the organization.  The entrance of computer into the computerized traffic offence of documentation and reporting system will help create and maintain efficient records.          The design was implemented to facilitate the computerized traffic offence of documentation and reporting system for administration.  It will be less time wasting and cheap to run.

ORGANIZATION OF WORK

            This project work is primarily designed to give an insight to computerized traffic offence of documentation and reporting system.

            Chapter one talks about introduction to computerized traffic offence of documentation and reporting system, study of problem and objectives as well as definition of the scope.

            Chapter two comprises the literature review. Chapter three gives the detailed information about the existing (old) system, while chapter four and five deals with the design and implantation of new system.

            Chapter six documents the project work, while chapter seven summaries, conclusion and suggestions were made.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                                                                        i

Certification                                                                                                    ii

Dedication                                                                                                      iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                          iv

Abstract                                                                                                          v

Table of contents                                                                                            vii

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION                                                                                         1

1.1       Background of the study                                                                    1         

1.2       State of the problem                                                               2

1.3       Purpose of the study                                                               3

1.4       Aims and objectives                                                                3

1.5       Scope of study                                                                                    5

1.6       Limitations of study                                                               5

1.7       Assumptions                                                                           6

1.8       Definition of terms                                                                             7

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW                                                                  8

CHAPTER THREE

  • Description and analysis of existing system                           15
    • Fact finding method used                                                                   17
    • Organization structure                                                                        19
    • Objectives of Existing system                                                            21
    • Input, Process and Output Analysis                                       22
    • Information Flow Diagrams                                                   26
    • Problems of the Existing System                                            27
    • Justification of the New System                                                         28

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Design of the New System                                                     30
    • Input Specification and design                                                           30
    • Output specification and design                                                         32
    • File Design                                                                                          34
    • Procedure chart                                                                                   36
    • System flow chart                                                                               38
    • System requirements                                                               40       

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Implementation                                                                                   42
    • Program Design                                                                                  45
    • Program Flowchart                                                                 48
    • Pseudo code                                                                                        54
    • Source Program: Test Run                                                      59

CHAPTER SIX       

Documentation                                                                                               60

CHAPTER SEVEN

  • Recommendation                                                                                62
    • Conclusion                                                                                          64

Bibliography                                                                           65

1.0                                                CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Online Computerized traffic offence of documentation and reporting system is an information system used to track information concerning traffic offences. It is an effective tool because, it both process the traffic offence information and produce the needed report.

Computerized traffic offence of documentation and reporting system refers to both the practice and the study of the activities people perform in order to acquire, organize, maintain, retrieve and use information items such as documents (paper-based and digital), web pages and email messages for everyday use to complete tasks (work-related and not) and fulfill a person’s various roles (as parent, employee, friend, member of community, etc.). One ideal of computerized traffic offence of documentation and reporting system is that we always have the right information in the right place, in the right form, and of sufficient completeness and quality to meet our current need. Technologies and tools such as personal information managers help us spend less time with time-consuming and error-prone activities of Computerized traffic offence of documentation and reporting system (such as looking for information). We then have more time to make creative, intelligent use of the information at hand in order to get things done or, simply, to enjoy the information itself.

RULES OF THE ROAD

1.     Directionality: Traffic going in opposite directions should be separated in such a way that they do not block each other’s way. The most basic rule regarding this concept is which side of the road should be used for travel.

2.     Highway Code: In many countries, the rules of the road are codified, setting out the legal requirements and punishments for breaking them.

3.     Speed limits: The higher the speed of a vehicle, the more difficult collision avoidance becomes and the greater the damage if a collision does occur. Therefore, many countries of the world limit the maximum speed allowed on their roads. Vehicles are not supposed to be driven at speeds which are higher than the posted maximum.

4.     Priority (right of way): A diagram of movement within a roundabout in a country where traffic drives on the left. A roundabout is a type of road junction, or traffic calming device, at which traffic streams circularly around a central island after first yielding to the circulating traffic. Unlike with traffic circles, vehicles on a roundabout have priority over the entering vehicle, parking is not allowed and pedestrians are usually prohibited from the central island.

5.     4-way intersections: This intersection is the most common configuration for roads that cross each other, and the most basic type. If signals do not control a 4-way intersection, signs or other features are typically used to control movements and make clear priorities. The most common arrangement is to indicate that one road has priority over the other, but there are complex cases where all traffic approaching an intersection must yield and may be required to stop.

6.     Overtaking: Overtaking (or passing) refers to a maneuver that is in effect passing vehicles traveling in the same direction. On two-lane roads, when there is a split line or a dashed line on the side of the overtaker, drivers may overtake when it is safe. In multi-lane roads in most jurisdictions, overtaking is permitted in the “slower” lanes. See “Lanes” below.

7.     Lanes: When a street is wide enough to accommodate several vehicles traveling side-by-side, it is usual for traffic to organize itself into lanes, that is, parallel corridors of traffic. Some roads have one lane for each direction of travel and others have multiple lanes for each direction. Most countries apply pavement markings to clearly indicate the limits of each lane and the direction of travel that it must be used for. In other countries lanes have no markings at all and drivers follow them mostly by intuition rather than visual stimulus.

8.     Designation and overtaking

The usual designation for lanes on divided highways is the fastest lane is the one closest to the center of the road, and the slowest to the edge of the road.

When driving on the left:

  • The lane designated for faster traffic is on the right
  • The lane designated for slower traffic is on the left
  • Most freeway exits are on the left
  • Overtaking is permitted to the right, and sometimes to the left.

When driving on the right:

  • The lane designated for faster traffic is on the left
  • The lane designated for slower traffic is on the right
  • Most freeway exits are on the right
  • Overtaking is permitted to the left, and sometimes to the right.

The traffic offence occur when one default any of the following rules stipulated above and Online Computerized traffic offence of documentation and reporting system is used to perform such operation.

 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The main problem of this study was to examine and evaluate different traffic offences, documentation and reporting. Problems like ineffective distribution of traffic information, lack of traffic rules, safety driving rules, and inadequate documentation of traffic offences. This prompts for the development of an online computerized traffic of documentation and reporting system.

DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF AN AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM