ROUTE SURVEY OF ACCESS ROAD INTO IKOT UDO EKPAT VILLAGE, IKOT KPENE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA
1.1 Background of Study
Surveyors are task with finding the most cost effective route to follow. An engineer will use the data to survey teams had collected to plan out the route in detail and create specification for work crews to follow. Teams may spend days or weeks in the field depending on the nature of the project. It is necessary to have a surveying degree or similar qualification to participate in a route survey, and sometime internship positions are available for surveying students who want to acquire practical skills.
Route surveying is comprised of all surveying operations required for design and construction of engineering works such as highways, pipelines, canals, or railroads at a route surveying system is generally associated with highway design and construction.
A route survey is a data collection operation to gather information about the proposed route of a road way utility pipe, or and computing horizontal and vertical angels, elevation, and horizontal distance. The results of these surveys are used to prepared detailed plan and profile base map of proposed road ways. In addition the elevations determined in the serve as the basis for calculation of construction cut and fill quantities, and in determine road way banking this section presents a review of basis terminology, concept and standard procedures used in route survey.
A route surveying system usually contains four separations but interrelated processes.
- Reconnaissance and planning
- Work design
- Right of way acquisition
- Construction of works.
A route survey is defined as being required service and product that adequately locate the planned path of a linear project or right of way which crosses a prescribed area of real estate, extending from at least one known point and turning or terminating at another known point.
Route surveys shall include but are not limited to the proper location, description of platting of the following route.
- Roadways, highways, and railroads.
- Transmission lines for communication, fuel chemical water and electrical needs.
- Canals, waterways drainage ditches and sewers.
- View easement, air space easement, ingress and egress easement such as approach route.
During the survey, personal may leave marked along the way, member of the public should be aware that moving or tempering with survey markers can carry serious penalties including fine and jail time community with concern about a propose route can usually file objection at various stage of the planning process.
Surveyor want to fine the most direct and efficient route. It can be rack up very quickly when laying out roads, railway and utility lines, especially in the first of obstacle like hills larges rivers, and so forth. They also need to consider geological hazard like faults, could present a threat to the integrity of the finish project. Many rely on software program to help them organised their data, as large volume of materials poor in over the course of route survey. The project is set provide a data required to help in the design of the road that lead to Ikot Udo Ekpat village.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Inaccessibility of the road that leads to Ikot Udo Ekpat village, Ikot Ekpene Local Government Area caused by poor road network the lack of adequate drainage system prompted me to provide a survey data that will be used in the design and construction of the road.