The purpose of this project is to evaluate the Effect of Monetary and Fiscal Policies in checking the causes of Inflationary trends in the Economy.
Before the advent of fiscal and monetary policies, inflation has been regarded as a nation’s scourage, which tried to parlayed economic activities in the economy. this persistent inflationary increase in the country gave impetus for the launching of these two policies as a good weapon to check the negative tendencies of inflation.
This work however considers briefly some of the various instruments used in monetary and fiscal policies to curb this problems. It also examiners the extent of compliance of various income earner (fixed income earners and businessmen) and even the government towards these policies. The research work is divided into five sections. The introduction, the literature review, the research methodology, discussion of findings, summary, conclusion and recommendation. It is therefore, a comprehensive and balance supplement to augment the effort of previous writers in the field. It is valuable to readers and future writers.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Approval page ii
Table of Contents vi
General Overview of the Study 1
Statement of the Problems 3
Objectives of the Study 4
Significance of the Research 5
Limitations of the Study 5
Research Methodology 6
Definition of Terms 7
Scope of the Study 10
2.1 Definition of Inflation 12
2.2 Causes of Inflation in Nigeria 13
2.3 Types of Inflation 16
2.4 Effect of Inflation 17
2.5 Measures Taken to Control Inflation 19
2.6 Concepts of Monetary Policy 20
2.7 Objectives of Monetary Policy 22
2.8 Monetary Policy Control Measures 24.
Research Design 28
Samples Size/ Population 28
Sources of Data 29
Data Analysis Techniques 31
PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
Data Presentation 33
Data Analysis 34
SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
1.1 GENERAL OVER VIEW OF THE STUDY
In general monetary policy refers to the combination of matures designed to regulate the value, supply and cost of money in all company, in consonance with the level of economic activity. And excess supply of money which will result in an demanded for goods and services will cause rising price and / or a deterioration of the balance of payment position. On the other hand, an inadequate supply of money could in due stagnation in the economy and there by retained growth and development-
Consequently, the central bank or the central monetary authority must attempt to keep the money supply growing at an appropriate rate to ensure sustainable economic growth and to maintain internal and external stability.
The discretionary control of the money stock by the central monetary authority, thus, involves the expansion or contraction of money influencing interest rates to make money influencing interest rates o make money cheaper or more expensive depending on the prevailing economic conditions and the channeling of money to priority sectors.
In a nutshell, the aims of monetary policy are basically to control inflation, maintain a healthy balance of payments position for the country in order to safeguard the external values of the national currency and promote an adequate an sustainable level of economic growth and development. The techniques by which the monetary authority tries to achieve the above objectives can be classified normally its two categories, the direct or portfolio control approach and indirect or market intervention.
In another development fiscal policy has its own measures, which aid in checking the causes of inflation in the economy. Such as the use of fiscal policy as a means of increasing economic activities and the use of fiscal policy as means of reducing economic activities, however, the researcher expatiates more of monetary policy due to its direct relationship towards inflationary tred.