ASSESSMENT OF UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BUSINESS EDUCATION SUBJECTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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ABSTRACT

The major purpose of this study was assessment of utilization of instructional materials in teaching and learning of business education subject in secondary schools. This study adopted descriptive survey research design the study was conducted in Enugu Education Zone of Enugu State. The population for this study was 189 teachers in the public secondary schools in Enugu Education Zone where business education subject is taught comprising male 54 and female 135. Instrument for data collection was structured questionnaire titled: Business Education Instructional Materials Utilization Assessment Questionnaire (BEIMUAQ) The instrument were sub-divided into 5 section (A – E), part A contain demographic variable of the respondent, while section B to E solicited information on the assessment of utilization of instructional materials in teaching and learning business education subject. Section B addressed research question one and focused on the extent of availability of instructional materials utilized in teaching and learning of business education subject. The items adopted a four-point rating scale of Very Much Available (VMA) = 4, Just Available (JA) = 3, Rarely Available (RA) = 2, Not Available (NA) =1 while section C adopted Very Much Utilized (VMU) = 4, Utilized (U) = 3, Rarely Utilized (RU) = 2 and Not Utilized (NU) = 1.

Furthermore, section D and E adopted response categories of Strongly Agree (SA) = 4, Agree (A) = 3, Disagree (D) = 2, Strongly Disagree (SD) =1. The questionnaire was face- validated by three experts from the Department of Business Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Cronbach Alpha reliability method was used to determine the internal consistency of the instrument with a calculated coefficient of 0.93. The questionnaire was administered to the respondents by the researcher with the help of research assistants. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The data were analyzed using real limit of numbers on 4- point rating scale. Since the upper limit of 2.50 is 3.00, the items whose mean score were 2.50 and above were regarded as materials utilized and below 2.50 as not being utilized. t-test was used to test the null hypotheses at 0,05 level of significant. The findings shows that they use audio tape recorders in teaching and learning of business education subject, qualified business teachers with knowledge of instructional materials required to teach business education subject. The study therefore recommends that seminars and workshops should be organized for teachers on the availability and management of materials in schools and teachers need to update their skills in the area of modern technology to enable them discharge their duties effectively.

 

 TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE                                                

i APPROVAL PAGE

ii CERTIFICATION                           

 iii DEDICATION

iv ACKNOWLEDGEMENT                                   

v TABLE OF CONTENTS

vi LIST OF TABLES 

ix ABSTRACT                                                                                                                            

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study                                                                                          1

Statement of the Problem                                                                                          8

Purpose of the Study                                                                                                   10

Significance of the Study                                                                                            10

Research Questions                                                                                                     12

Hypotheses                                                                                                                 13

Scope of the Study                                                                                                      13

 CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK      15

Assessment                                                                                                                 15

Teaching and Learning                                                                                                16

Business Education                                                                                                     17

Secondary School Education                                                                                       20

Instructional Materials                                                                                                23

Utilization of Instructional Materials                                                                           27

Business Education Teachers                                                                                      28

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK                                                                                                    49

Classical Behavioural Theory                                                                                      49

Purposive Behavioural Theory                                                                                    50

Human Capacity Theory                                                                                              51

 Related Empirical Studies     52 Summary of Literature Reviewed            56

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY

Design of the Study                                                                                                59

Area of the Study                                                                                                    59

Population for the Study                                                                                         60

Sample and Sampling Techniques                                                                         60

Instrument for Data Collection                                                                               60

Validation of the Instrument                                                                                  61

Reliability of the Instrument                                                                                  61

Method of Data Collection                                                                                     62

Method of Data Analysis                                                                                        62

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA

Findings of the Study                                                                                                73

Discussion of the Findings                                                                                        75

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Re-Statement of the Problem                                                                                     80

Summary of Procedure Used                                                                                     81

Summary of major Finding                                                                                        82

Implication of the Study                                                                                            83

Conclusion                                                                                                               84

Recommendations                                                                                                     84

Limitation of the Study                                                                                              85

Suggestion for Further Studies                                                                                   85

 

REFERENCES         86 APPENDICES

Appendix A: Questionnaire                                                                                              94

Appendix B: Distribution of Population of Business Subject Teachers

in Enugu Education Zone of Enugu State.                                                98

Appendix C: Sample Distribution of the Respondent                                                       101

ASSESSMENT OF UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BUSINESS EDUCATION SUBJECTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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