The study evaluated the Universal Basic Education Programme in Kaduna State (2004-2010). The research objectives for the study were to: find out the rate of enrolment and retention of pupils in primary and junior secondary schools during the UBE programme in Kaduna State from 2004-2010;find out the status of recruitment and re-training of teachers in primary and junior secondary schools during the UBE programme from 2004-2010 in Kaduna State; assess the facilities for teaching and learning in UBE primary and junior secondary schools in Kaduna State; find out the funding adequacy of UBE primary and junior secondary schools in Kaduna State from 2004-2010; and assess the work of monitoring and quality assurance unit of U.B.E from 2004-2010 in Kaduna State. In line with the above objectives, Five research Questions and Hypotheses were developed for the study, out of the five hypotheses four were retained and one rejected at 0.05 level of significance.
The study covered 10 local government areas including the SUBEB Officials, principals, head teachers and Local Government Education Authority staff. The study adopted descriptive research design using survey method, a total of 375 respondents were selected as sample for the study through the use of simple random sampling techniques. Frequency and percentage table was used for tabulating the data and One-Way ANOVA was used in testing the hypotheses formulated for the study. The findings of the study among others include: The UBE had significant impact on the enrolment and retention of learners in primary and junior secondary schools of the state within the period under study; There was re-training during the period but it was not adequate; facilities, materials and equipment for teaching and learning were not adequately provided during the period; Funding of the schools was not adequate due to what the respondents regarded as mismanagement of the education personnel responsible for the implementation of the programme;
The monitoring and quality assurance of education in the period was considered to be fairly adequate; The respondents did not differ significantly on the rate of enrolment and retention, recruitment and re-training of teachers, funding, monitoring and quality assurance of the educational programme of the schools during the period under study. based on the above findings, the study recommended that, a process of accountability should be established with the educational system such that funds meant for projects are seen to be utilized for them as a way of reducing mismanagement of funds in the state educational system; Where such direct establishment is not possible some checks and balances should be built into the existing system to ensure that funds allocated for the programme are efficiently utilized; The respective government needs to allocate more fund to the UBE programme to effectively tackle the problems of inadequate facilities, equipment and materials for teaching and learning in primary and junior secondary schools towards the attainment of the basic education objective in the state; Employment of teachers should be based on merit for effective teaching and learning in the schools and among others.
EVALUATION OF UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN KADUNA STATE (2004-2010)