Impact of Librarian-Led Immunization Information on Postnatal Mothers in North Central Nigeria

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Abstract

The research investigated the communication and utilization of immunization-related information among post-natal mothers, aimed at preventing childhood killer diseases. The study focused on the involvement of librarians in Federal Medical Centres within the North-central region of Nigeria. The research comprised eight research objectives, six research questions, and two research hypotheses. These objectives included identifying accessible information resources and services within Federal Medical Centre libraries, evaluating the extent of library engagement among post-natal mothers in these medical centers, ascertaining the methods employed by librarians to disseminate immunization information, understanding the utilization of immunization-related information by post-natal mothers, determining the impact of librarian-disseminated information on preventing specific killer diseases, and identifying factors that influence the communication and utilization of immunization information among post-natal mothers.

The survey research design was employed for this study. The combined population included 7,764 librarians from Federal Medical Centre Libraries and post-natal mothers attending medical centers in the North-central region. Using the Krejcie and Morgan (1970) Table, a sample size of 409 participants was selected. Data collection utilized an observation checklist and questionnaire. Reliability tests returned values of 0.75 and 0.79 for the two sets of questionnaires. Of the distributed 409 questionnaires, 302 were completed, returned, and considered for analysis. The data was analyzed using statistical techniques such as frequency counts, percentages, mean, standard deviation, and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) for hypotheses analysis.

The findings unveiled a variety of available information resources in the medical center libraries, including medical textbooks, professional journals, newspapers, magazines, immunization-related manuals, guidelines, dictionaries, posters, and handbills. Services offered in these libraries encompassed reference services, current awareness, selective dissemination of information, inter-library loans, and medical library orientation. The study also highlighted that librarians predominantly communicate immunization information to post-natal mothers through radio/television messages, workshops/seminars, and outreach initiatives. Key factors hindering effective communication and utilization of immunization information were identified, including inadequate funding for immunization programs, inconsistent power supply for effective information dissemination, insufficient funding for necessary ICT equipment, post-natal mothers’ lack of interest in seeking immunization information, and a dearth of government involvement in promoting immunization awareness among post-natal mothers.

In light of these findings, the study suggests that the collaboration between the Federal Government of Nigeria and medical center management should prioritize funding for health information resources. This funding would facilitate effective service delivery, particularly in immunization programs targeting post-natal mothers and the broader public.

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