THE IMPACT OF PERSONAL SELLING ON SALES VOLUME PERFORMANCE OF A MANUFACTURING COMPANY

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THE IMPACT OF PERSONAL SELLING ON SALES VOLUME PERFORMANCE OF A MANUFACTURING COMPANY (A CASE STUDY OF UNILEVER NIGERIA PLC. ABA)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      -i

Approval page –       –      –      –      –      –      –      -ii

Dedication –     –      –      –      –      –      –      –      -iii

Acknowledgement – –      –      –      –      –      –      -iv

Abstract – –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      -v

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction –    –      –      –      –      –      –      -1-3

1.1 Background of the study – –      –      –      –      -3-5

1.2 Statement of the problems –      –      –      –      -5

1.3 Objectives of the study —  –      –      –      –      -5-6

1.4 Research Questions – –      –      –      –      –      -6

1.5 Significant of the study –   –      –      –      –      -7

1.6 Scope of the study –  –      –      –      –      –      -7

1.7 Limitation of the study –    –      –      –      –      -7-8

1.8 Definition of terms –   –      –      –      –      –      -8-9

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review      –      –      –      –      –      -10

2.1 Introduction      –      –      –      –      –      –      -10-11

2.2   What is Personal Selling?         –      –      –      -11-13

2.3   Types of Personal Selling –      –      –      -13-14

2.4   The Significance of Personal Selling         –      -15-17

2.5   How Personal Selling Selling Affects Sales Volume17-18

The Process of Personal Selling

2.6   The process of Personal Selling       –      –      -19-25

2.7   Objective Sought by Personal Selling       –      -25-27

2.8   Sales Person Recruitment Selection        –      -27-28

2.9   Roles for Modern Sales Quota –      –      –      -28-30

2.10 Setting of the Sales Quota       –      –      –      – 30-32            References      –      –      –      –      –      –      -33-34

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Research Methodology –    –      –      –      –      -35

3.1 Introduction –    –      –      –      –      –      –      -35-36

3.2 Research Design –     –      –      –      –      –      -36

3.3 Sources of Data Primary and Secondary Data   -37

3.4 Population and Sample Size –    –      –      –      – 37-38

3.5 Sampling Techniques –      –      –      –      –      -38-40

3.6 Validity and Reliability of Measuring Instrument -40

3.7   Method of Data Analysis –      –      –      –      -41

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data -42

4.1 Introduction –    –      –      –      –      –      –      –    -42

4.2 Data Presentation and Interpretation –      – –     -43-59

4.3 analysis of data  –      –      –      –      –      –      -59

4.4 interpretation of results     –      –      –      –      -59-63

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations – 64

5.1 Introduction –    –      –      –      –      –      –      -64

5.2 Summary of Findings –      –      –      –      –      -64-65

5.3 Conclusion –      –      –      –      –      –      –      -65-66

5.4 Recommendations –   –      –      –      –      –      -66-68

Reference        –      –      –      –      –      –      -69-70

Appendix         –      –      –      –      –      –      -71

 

Questionnaires        –      –      –      –      –      -72-75

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0   INTRODUCTION

The rapid growth in industrial activities has brought a lot thinking on how to come to the base. The detergents markets are highly saturated with organizations manufacturing similar products which include: Elephant, Omo, Omo blue, Ariel Omo, life buoy, surf and Lux, therefore, Unilever Plc has been putting more efforts to survive in the markets. The management decide to carry out promotional activities so as to increase sales volume of the company, through personal selling concept. Personal selling can be defined as an oral presentation in a convention with one or more prospective, purchase buyers and the dynamic relationship between a person (either as individual representing himself or his organization) and his prospect that may be an individual potential buyer or group of buyer and all the efforts orally made in an exchange process to make sales. As one of the promotional tools, it combines the job of awareness creation for the goods and service produce and ready to be sold and accepted, as well as convincing the customers to buy the existing ones, or making efforts to try new ones, disregarding their loyal stores and products and coming over to the sales man’s company and products and all other after sales services required by the customers.

 

Markin (1982:420) stated that personal selling is considered vital when the product size or cost, make it important when the buyers is likely to be certain about what he or she needs or wants, and in all cases in which specialized requirements needs to be filled. Again, personal selling create the advantages of immediate feedback, because customers reply quickly to the offering of the sales. Organization using personal selling will be more appropriate for manufacturers.  It is also a means of creating awareness communication with individuals, group and organizations. On a means of creating awareness is by motivating the consumers by so doing increase the volume of sales. However, the much costs involved in personal selling when compared with other promotional tools is still distributing many marketing organizations. This is because of the human and time efforts spent by the sales force going from one potential and existing customer to the other or group of customers in order, to make sale; the costs that advertising would have reduced to the minimum, another problem is the company getting the caliber of sales people wants, those that can enable it sell its products as desired at the sales territories wanted.

 

1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Unilever Nigeria is a big company which is located at No. factory road, Aba Abia State. The head office is at No. 1 Billings way, Oregun, Ikeja Lagos state. Unilever Nigeria OPlc , was incorporated as lever Brothers (West Africa) Ltd on 11th April 1923 by Lord Leverhulme, but the company antecedents have to be traced back to his existing trading interests in Nigeria and West Africa generally, and to the fact that he has since the 19th century been greatly involved with the soap business in Britain. Unilever Nigeria Plc started as a soap manufacturing company and is today one of the oldest surviving manufacturing organization in Nigeria. After series of mergers/acquisitions, the company diversifitied into manufacturing and marketing of foods, non-soapy detergents and personal care products. These mergers/acquisitions brought in Lipton Nigeria Ltd in 1985 cheese brought ponds industries Ltd in 1988. the company changed its name to Unilever Nigeria Plc in 2001.

Unilever Nigeria Plc is a public liability company quoted on the Nigeria stock exchange since 1973 with Nigeria currently having 49% of equity holdings. Unilever is proudly one of the country leading suppliers of fast-moving consumer goods, such as:

Foods (e.g) packet tea with the lipton –brand, foods and beverages category, margrrine with Blue band, Roco and Known brands. Home and personal care (eg) home care include cleansing and hygene products like mo and sunlight then for personal care include lux, pears and close-up etc. no matter who you are, or where in the country you are, the chances are that their products are a familiar part of every one’s daily routine. Every day, all over the country, people reach for unilever products.

 

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

The ultimate aim of the sales person is to sell his products in a way that it will maximize his profits. Equally of great concern is whether the company under study employs high caliber salemen, the nature of training, if any provided for the persons. The method used by the sales person on the consumers will determine the effect (positive or negative) of personal selling on the purchase and consumption of the products. When memorized way is used by the sales person, the inability to convince the consumers will discourage prospects from participating in the sale interactions. This means the real need of the buyer may not be known and is not practicable when a sales person has many products to sell. When the salesman using memorized presentation is interrupted, he fined it difficult starting the talk again.

 

 

1.3   OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The objectives of the write up are:

  1. To find how personal selling can affect the sales volume of an organization.
  2. To determine the roles of personal selling as a promotional tool and its impact on sales.
  3. To determine how the recruitment of sales force increases sales volume.

4.     To find out how customers satisfaction can

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THE IMPACT OF PERSONAL SELLING ON SALES VOLUME PERFORMANCE OF A MANUFACTURING COMPANY

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