NATURE AND NURTURE IN SELECTED NOVELS OF AGARY KAINE, OKPEWHO ISIDORE, AND ABAGHA ANTHONY

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ABSTRACT

The effects of nature and nurture on lives cut across disciplines and deal with the question of what determines patterns of human behaviour, including the results of conflicts in nature and nurture of the characters in the environment. This work studies the influence of nature and nurture in the Niger Delta region through the characters of the novels with response to the issues emanating from the region as they touch restiveness, protest, environmental degradation and corruption that cut across the social, political and economic strata in Okpewho’s Tides, Agary’s Yellow-Yellow and Abagha’s The Children of Oloibiri. Nature and nurture are dynamic and affect human beings, animals, plants, and the environment in different ways. They can be very benevolent if well handled. Humans abuse them at their own peril.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Dedication……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………..i

Certification…………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………….ii

Acknowledgements  ………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………iii

Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………iv

Table of Contents………………………………………………………………………………………………………………v

 

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction………………………………………………………………………….. …………….1

1.1         Background of the Study……………………………………………………………………….. …………….5

1.2         Research Problem………………………………………….………………………………………8

1.3         Purpose of the Study…………………………………………………………………………….. …………….7

1.4         Scope and Limitation of the Study……………………………………………………………. …………….7

1.5         Significance of the Study………………………….………………………………………………7

1.6         Research Method………………………………………………….……………………………….8

 

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.1.       Review of Related Literatures………………………………………………………………….. ……………10

2.2.        Understanding Nature and Nurture……………………………………………………………………………………20

2.3.       Summary of Related Literature Review………………………………………………………….26

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.1       Theoretical Framework……………………………………………………….…………………..28

3.2       Methodology………………………………………………………………………..……………..29

 

CHAPTER FOUR: Nature and Nurture in Agary’s Yellow-Yellow and Okpewho’s Tides..………………..32

4.1.      Thematic Issues in Yellow-Yellow……………………………………………………………………………………..32

4.1.1    Corruption…………………………………………………………………………………………….………………….33

4.1.2    Poverty…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..36

4.1.3    Pollution and Crime…………………………………………………………………………………………………………40

4.2.      The Irony of Quest and Struggle………………………………………………………………………………………..42

4.3.      Effects of Nature and Nurture in Yellow-Yellow…………………………………………………………………..44

4.4.      Summary of Thematic Issues in Nature and Nurture in Yellow-Yellow…………………………………..46

 

4.5.      Thematic Issues in Tides……………………………………………………………………………………………47

4.5.1.   Corruption………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………47

4.5.2.   Nature and Pollution………………………………………………………………………………………………………..52

4.5.3.   Protest and Crime…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….56

4.6.      Irony of Quest and Struggle………………………………………………………………………………………………57

4.7.      Effects of Nature and Nurture in Tides……………………………………………………………………………….58

4.8.      Summary of Thematic Issus in Tides………………………………………………………………………………….60

 

CHAPTER FIVE: Nature and Nurture in Anthony Abagha’s The Children of Oloibiri…………………61

5.1.      Thematic Issues in The Children of Oloibiri……………………………………………………………………….61

5.1.1.   Corruption………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………62

5.1.2.   Unpatriotism and Insensitivity…………………………………………………………………………………………..65

5.1.3.   Poverty and Crime…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..66

5.2.      Irony of Quest and Struggle………………………………………………………………………………………………67

5.3       Effects of Nature and Nurture in The Children of Oloibiri……………………………………………………69

5.4.      Summary of Thematic Issues in The Children of Oloibiri…………………………………………………….70

5.5.      General Summary of the Selected Novels…………………………………………………………………………..70

5.6.      Summary of Findings……………………………………………………………………………..72

5.7.      Recommendations…………………………………………………………………………………73

5.8.      Suggestions for Further Studies…………………………………………………………………..73

5.9.      Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………..…74

 

WORKS CITED…………………………………………………………………………………………75

 

 

NATURE AND NURTURE IN SELECTED NOVELS OF AGARY KAINE, OKPEWHO ISIDORE, AND ABAGHA ANTHONY

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