RATIO ANALYSIS AS A TOOLS FOR PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL IN NIGERIA FINANCIAL MARKET (A CASE STUDY OF FIRST BANK OF NIGERIA PLC, ILORIN BRANCH)

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TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE:        INTRODUCTION

  1. Background of the study
    1. Statement of the research problem
    1. Justification for the study
    1. Objective of the study
    1. Research hypothesis
    1. Scope of the study
    1. Plan of the study
    1. Limitation of the study
    1. Definition of term

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

  • Theoretical framework
    • User of Financial Statement
    • Management of an organization
    • Performance evaluation
    • Management control system
    • Method of performance evaluation
    • Analysis and interpretation of financial statement 
    • Definition and relevance of financial ratio
    • Classification of ratio analysis

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

  • Introduction
    • Types of Data
    • Population and sample size
    • Method of data collection
    • Method of data analysis
    • Brief History of First Bank of Nigeria Plc.

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.0    Introduction

4.1    Socio – demographic characteristic of response

4.2    Presentation of Questionnaire response

4.3    Testing of hypothesis

4.4    Result and Analysis of Liquidity ratio

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

  • Summary
    • Conclusion
    • Recommendation

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The concept of business entity in accounting practices which defines business as a separate entity from the owner brings forth stewardship reporting and accountability in any organization.  Mores, the going concern concept anticipates a continuous life a firm within a foreseeable future.  That is why the ultimate determined of the remain perpetually.

Moreover, the aim or objective of financial manager is to provide meaningful financial information about business enterprises to the outside world and for internal control and management in decision making.  These financial information are presented in financial statement.  They are means of conveying to the management interested outside a concise picture of the profitability and financial position of a business.  They constitute a report of managerial performance attesting to the managerial success or failure and flashing warning signal of inpending difficulties.  (Meigs and meigs 1979), so financial statement obviously important to enable the user that have a clear picture of the position of organization.  It reports the liquidity and solvency of the company and the claim of these resources i.e debt owned, the equity of the owner and presents cash present cash position of the company.

It comprises comparative balance sheet, profit and loss account, income statement, cash flow statement, auditors report and some other necessary information base on year’s assessment.

Despite the fixation of financial statement, many user often fail to comprehend fully the information it intended to pass across, thus their desire one not met.  This is due to the ambiguity of the financial statement where by the where by the volume of the data and figure mislead the users.  In this sense, the analysis and interpretation of the statement are imperative.

Financial statement can be converted and interpreted using three techniques.

  1. Vertical or Static Analysis:-  It examines relationship within a statement.  It deals with the relative percentage value of the statement.
  2. Horizontal or Dynamic Analysis:-  This involves comparison of financial statement in respect of two more years.  A weakness of this analysis is that comparism with the past does not afford any basis for evaluation in absolute terms. 
  3. Ratio analysis: Is a commonly used technique in analyzing financial statement and it involves these of two difference economic units to ascertain performance.

It is obviously paramount since it practically evaluate performance that is check how strong or weak a company is.  Therefore its interpretations are easily understand by the users.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Financial Ratio Analysis is a widely used took assessing the performance of an enterprises.

Financially statement is prepared in terms of historical costs.  They do not fully reflect economic resources and managerial, hence poor decision may be made.  The users of financial information are carried away by the figures displayed in the financial statement observing the trends of the financial investment while over – looking the performance of management as assess whether their resources have out to effective use.  The analytical comparism of a large information is a problem to the users (The management of the company and the external users. Investors, analyst, creditor government and public.

RATIO ANALYSIS AS A TOOLS FOR PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL IN NIGERIA FINANCIAL MARKET (A CASE STUDY OF FIRST BANK OF NIGERIA PLC, ILORIN BRANCH)