SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS AFFECTING ADOPTION OF COWPEA PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES IN IWO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OSUN STATE

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Abstract:

This study investigated the socio-economic factors affecting farmers’ adoption of cowpea production technologies in Iwo Local Government Areas of Osun State. The objectives of the study were to: i. identify the socio-economic characteristics of farmers in the study area; ii. determine the level of farmers’ awareness and adoption of recommended cowpea production technologies in the area; iii. determine those factors related to farmers adoption of the technologies; and iv. draw conclusions from the findings and make recommendations on how to improve on the existing level of adoption of recommended cowpea production technologies in the area. Field survey on 103 farmers was analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and stepwise regression analysis. Results of analysis showed that Iwo Local Government peasant farmers are typically full-time farmers, about 51 years old. They are literate with an average farm size of about 2 ha and they own their land directly through inheritance as well as purchase. About half of farmers were aware of the recommended technologies. However, the farmers adoption level was relatively low. Results of correlation analysis also showed that socioeconomic characteristics, such as labour availability, cooperative membership, credit availability, farming experience, practicing of additional occupation, extension contact, farm size and age were significantly related to adoption of the technologies at 0.05 level. On the other hand, tenure status and level of formal education, even though related to adoption, are not significant. A further analysis, using stepwise regression procedures, reveals that these variables taken together explained about 42% of the variability in adoption behaviour with labour availability and cooperative membership making the greatest contribution. It was recommended that more input distribution centres be sited in strategic areas. It was also advised that an effective campaign be mounted to educate farmers on the advantages of improved technologies. Incentives, subsidies and credit facilities should be provided to the farmers to enable them purchase needed farm inputs necessary for adoption of new technologies.

SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS AFFECTING ADOPTION OF COWPEA PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES IN IWO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OSUN STATE

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