THE EFFECT OF COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN COMPUTER SCIENCE IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA AKWA IBOM STATE

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THE EFFECT OF COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN COMPUTER SCIENCE IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA AKWA IBOM STATE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Certification  –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        ii

Dedication    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        iii

Acknowledgements  –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        iv

Table of Contents    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        v

Abstract       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        vii

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        1

Statement of the Problem  –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        3

Purpose of the Study         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        3

Research Questions –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        4

Research Hypotheses        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        4

Significance of the Study   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        4

LITERATURE REVIEW

Theoretical Framework      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        6

Conceptual Framework      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        7

Concept of Computer        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        7

Summary of Reviewed Related Literature          –        –        –        –        –        10

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Research Design      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        12

Area of the Study    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        13

Population of the Study     –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        13

Sample and Sampling Techniques –        –        –        –        –        –        –        13

Instrument for Data Collection     –        –        –        –        –        –        –        13

Validation of the Instrument        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        14

Reliability of the Instrument        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        14

METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION

Method of Data Analysis    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        15

Data Analysis, Interpretation and Discussion of Findings       –        –        –        16

Discussion of the Findings           –        –        –        –        –        –        –        17

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Summary –    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        18

Conclusion    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        19

Recommendations   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        20

References              –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        21

ABSTRACT

The study investigated Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) as an interactive instructional technique using computer to present instructional material and monitor the learning that takes place. It uses the combination of text and graphics, sound and video in the learning process. This program helps the students’ progress at their own pace, assisting them in learning and application of the material. It was designed to see the effect of Computer Assisted Instructional Media as a supplementing strategy on the academic performance of secondary school students in the subject of Computer Science. Some of the objectives of the study include to: find out the relative effect of Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) as a supplementing and important strategy on the academic performance of students in computer science, explore the difference between treatment effect in students with natural creative ability and those without and find out the influence of gender on their performance and enrollment in computer science when exposed to computer assisted instructional media. The secondary school students studying computer science drawn from SS11 class at Uyo Local Government, College of Education and Secondary School constitute the population of the study and equally selected as a sample of the study. The sample students were assigned into two groups (experimental and control group). They were equated on the basis of their performance score in previous term in the subject of computer science and they comprised of forty (40) students. One group was randomly sampled by teaching them a chosen topic in Computer Science without using computer to stand as a sample of the study while the other group was taught using CAIM. Both the groups were taught through practical method and Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) being used as a supplementary strategy for the experimental group. The experiment lasted for three weeks and data were collected from 80 students of the two groups. After obtaining the scores, the lists were prepared for each group and the means, standard deviations, differences between mean were computed with significance between the mean scores of both the groups on the variable of previous performance that was tested at 0.5 levels by applying t-test. At the end, it was found that Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) was effective for both male and female students.

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

From the prehistoric period, people have searched for ways to make teaching and learning more effective, although, economic and social forces have all the time influenced educational practices. Within the second half of the 20 century, a number of attempts at changing the educational system and its components in many computer of the world have been made even in today’s economic situation and skill of workers. The most important jobs in a modern economy are based on technical education and information technology. However, reforms and changes in educational systems are continuous processes. The need for the changes in production, land, labour and capital are much less important than in the social and technological climate of our society which remains the basis of all efforts towards better education. The changes and reforms are aimed at raising the standard in the schools, learning patterns and their outcome with the goal of improving the quality of education for all and consequently strengthening the educational system in terms of structure, learning process, techniques and quality. Hence, it can be viewed that the main purpose of educational change is to help schools accomplish their goals more effectively by replacing archaic structures, programmes and practices with better ones,.

THE EFFECT OF COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN COMPUTER SCIENCE IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA AKWA IBOM STATE

THE EFFECT OF COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN COMPUTER SCIENCE IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA AKWA IBOM STATE