THE EFFECTS OF TEACHER’S TEACHING METHODS AND THE USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN TEACHING YORUBA LANGUAGE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PUPILS IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS

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ABSTRACT

This study is on the effect of teacher’s teaching methods and the use instructional materials on the academic performance of pupils in primary school in teaching Yoruba Language. The purpose of this study is to identify the types of teaching methods appropriate for teaching Yoruba Language and Teacher’s attitude towards using teaching aids how it affects teachers teaching effectiveness in primary school. Results revealed that teaching methods are necessary for effective teaching and learning of Yoruba Language, it also indicate that there are specific information realized to assist the pupils academic performance in Yoruba Language. The questionnaire was used to collect necessary information which was analysed with the aid of descriptive statistical techniques such as frequency table and percentage based on the above observation, it was recommended that government should employ adequate qualified Yoruba teacher for the primary schools and provide enough teaching materials for schools generally and primary schools in particular. Also to train the teacher to –to-be, the effective know-how as regards handling the teaching aid(s) appropriately, Yoruba teachers should make use f appropriate teaching methods to aid effective teaching and learning of Yoruba Language and also parents should speak Yoruba Language with children at home.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

In the report of Adunola (2011), method can be regarded as approach to institution. It is a means through which the teacher decides to impact knowledge on the students Dele (1982), defined method of teaching as ways, techniques and ideas of imparting knowledge to student at any level. Abdulhamid, (2009) is of the view that methods of teaching are the baseline of actions, instruments adopted by the teacher to ensure the delivery effective teaching and learning process. Methods of teaching structurally determines how the teacher would handle the process of lesson during teaching, what he should do, where and when he should perform a particular task.

Teaching, according to Oladipo and Ayeni (2000), involves bringing about or at least enable desirable changes in learners However, effective teaching requires the teacher to step out of the field of personal experience and step into the world of the learners. Brown (1997) it is the learners who need to be more commitment to learn. A teaching method comprises the principles and methods used for instructing the learners. Teaching methods can be described as the way of achieving learning outcome the selection of teaching methods is dependent on the learners and the characteristics of the learning situation the chosen teaching method or methods should best support the attainment of best learning outcomes through instructions given by the teachers, Abdullahi (2004). Institutional materials have a greater role to play in day to day running activities of schools especially primary school setting. The use of instructional materials is very essential for the pupils not forget the topic of the lesson they will surely remember the practical things that the guide of instructional materials. Researchers have shown that many of our schools today especially primary schools little or no instructional materials. These facilities will make the lesson to be simple and easy for the pupils to comprehend. For instance, a school that takes music as part of the subjects should have instructional materials like tambourine, beat, key-board, e.t.c.

THE EFFECTS OF TEACHER’S TEACHING METHODS AND THE USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN TEACHING YORUBA LANGUAGE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PUPILS IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS