THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AS A VERITABLE TOOL FOR TAX ADMINISTRATION A CASE STUDY OF THE KADUNA STATE BOARD OF INTERNAL REVENUE

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THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AS A VERITABLE TOOL FOR TAX ADMINISTRATION A CASE STUDY OF THE KADUNA STATE BOARD OF INTERNAL REVENUE

CHAPTER ONE

  1. INTRODUCTION

Information and communication technology is often used as an extended synonym for information technology(IT), but is a more specific term that stresses the role of unified communication and the integration of computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware storage and audio- visual systems, which enables users to access, store, transmit and manipulate information,

The term ICT is also used to refer to the convergence of audio-visual and telephone networks with computer networks through a single cable or link system. There are large economic incentives when telephone networks are merged with the computer network system using a single unified system of cabling, signal distribution and management.

When put simply, information and communication technology (ICT) would refer to an umbrella that includes any communication device or application, encompassing radio, televisions, cellular phones, computer and network hardware and software, satellite system and so on, as well as the various services and applications associated with them, such as video conferencing and distant learning(Brandy et al, 2003)

The term tax administration on its own could easily be explained as the administration, management, conduct, direction, and supervision of the execution and application of the internal revenue laws or related statuses (or equivalent laws and statuses of a state) and tax convention to which the united states is a party. Simply put, it can also be seen as the development and formulation of tax policies relating to existing or proposed intent revenue laws, related statutes and tax convention. Tax administration includes assessment, collection, enforcement, litigation, publication and

statistical gathering functions under such laws, statutes or conventions.

The earliest trace of any form of direct taxation in Nigeria even before the British administration was in northern Nigeria. The north was favoured for this because it had a form of organised central administration under the emirs unlike the south which except in few places in the west was not so organised.(Nigeria Bureau For Tax Management, 2006)

Tax administration has some major importance that stands it out as a phenomenal concept. Few among these importance include that taxation been one of the major source of revenue to the Nigerian government, it is a source to think of in both the federal and state budget, therefore its administration come in handy in helping these arms of government manage efficiently, these tax as a major income source.

With regards to the modernization of internal management process, tax administration generally have full autonomy to adopt information and communication technology (ICT), depending only on their own resources.

However, the modernization requires a strong interaction with tax payers and other organisations of the society. In these regards, the broad use of ICTs, considering also the legal aspect is essential (This Day national daily, 2010)

THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AS A VERITABLE TOOL FOR TAX ADMINISTRATION A CASE STUDY OF THE KADUNA STATE BOARD OF INTERNAL REVENUE

THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AS A VERITABLE TOOL FOR TAX ADMINISTRATION A CASE STUDY OF THE KADUNA STATE BOARD OF INTERNAL REVENUE