1.1 Introduction

Over the past few decades, higher institutions all over the world have been experiencing new paradigms in the way they handle and manage students’ information due to the proliferation of ICTs and its applications such as web-based student information systems. With the adoption of such systems as the web based identity System for campus management in academic institutions, the experience is that it has now become easy to harness and fast track all students’ records in one centralized database via the internet technology. While the benefits of web based identity management system for campus management seem to be celebrated, it has not been implemented in most institutions in Africa to completely go digital in their operations due to poor ICT infrastructures that seem to be prevalent in the region.

The higher education sector is not immune from risks of identity-related fraud and other kinds of dishonest practices, and, as this paper demonstrates, risks are present throughout the sector – from enrolment of students, through the examination process, upon qualification, and during subsequent employment. Reducing the risks associated with identification of students and staff alike entails the employment of a wide range of strategies that need to be implemented uniformly across the entire sector. This paper analyses the nature of the problem and how government, business and individuals can share in the task of preventing identity thieves from enrolling and graduating dishonestly. In undergoing higher education, people are required to establish who they are by providing evidence of unique identifying characteristics. It is usual to produce or disclose something that you have (tokens), something that you know (knowledge), something related to who you are (biometrics), or something indicating where you live (location). Of course there are others, such as the use of a person’s name, and a variety of behavioural and psychological characteristics that can be used to identify people. Depending upon the degree of certainty with which one needs to establish one’s identity, one or more of these methods may be relied upon. Often only one method will be used, and this will generally involve the disclosure of a document. Each has its own vulnerabilities and risks which are able to be exploited by those who want to act illegally [1].

In the past, identity was more easily verifiable as people conducted most of their transactions in person. With the advent of computers, however, documents can easily be fabricated and personal information obtained from electronic databases either by gaining access without authority, or by tricking unsuspecting users into disclosing their access codes and passwords. In higher education, examples of identity-related fraud and other dishonest practices exist in all aspects of the sector extending from enrolling as a student, undergoing examinations and submitting essays, commencing employment as a staff member, paying fees, receiving salaries, and using technology. There is a continuing need to identify both new students and staff with accuracy and the task for university administrators is considerable. Evidence is needed of previous qualifications and/or eligibility to enroll for new students; previous employment and qualification details for new staff; as well as identification necessary for conducting business transactions including payment of fees and receiving payments such as salaries [2].

1.2 Theoretical Background
Institutions all over the world have realized the benefits of the web based system in managing records and verifying the existence of records in a few milliseconds. This advantage of the computer system has brought about a migration from manual ways of operations to computerized means so as to facilitate the management of large volumes of information. Every institution recognizes the possibility of identity fraud and to overcome the problem, they need to adopt the computer system so that the identity of students can be easily captured and retrieved when needed. This will mitigate the risk of identity fraud in the institutions. It is in view of the need to properly manage the identity of students on campus that necessitates the development of this study on Web-based identity management system for campus management

1.3 Statement of Problem

The following are the existing problems of identity management on the campus:

  1. Many students commit the crime of impersonation (i.e claiming to be who they are not).
  2. The situation is serious as they sometimes take exams and tests on behalf of some other persons, and sometimes they have been convicted of one crime or the other and do not want their identity to be known.
  3. This poses serious problems to the institution and may affect the integrity of the institution when the student involved is discovered to be incompetent.
  4. Absence of a Web-based identity management system for campus management
  5. Manual process of verifying identity of student is time consuming.
  6. Accumulation of paper files
  7. High security risk as student information in existing system is not secure.