AN EVALUATION OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF SMALL AND MEDIUMS SCALE ENTERPRISES (SMES) TO THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF EIGHT (8) SELECTED SMES IN ILORIN METROPOLICS)

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CHAPTER ONE

  1. INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

        This study will have its fundamental root from the contribution of small and medium scale enterprises (SMES) o the economic development in Nigeria.

        Apart from the potential development of small and medium enterprise for ensuring a self reliant industrialization in terms of the ability to rely largely on local raw materials. It is also a good strategy to boost employment and guarantee an even distribution of industrial establishments in the country including the rural area.

        Consequently, both the federal and state Government and recently Local government has had risen to promote the development of small the medium enterprises (SMES) through increased incentive scheme including enhanced budgeting allocation for technical assistance programmes.

        In all countries of the world, small and medium enterprises have emerge as an important agent of economic and social transformation. The promotion of small amd medium enterprises (SMES) is no longer just the business of the world association for small and medium enterprises (WASME) and other Non-Government organization (NGOS) but as become a major policy thrust in industrialized and developing countries.

        In industrialized countries, recent innovation in information technology, industrialized designation and global competition have propelled the spread of small business and forced large cooperation to search for new strategies to gain competitive operations. Small and medium enterprises (SMES) could help to facilitate mobilization of capital and human resources that could otherwise be left idle.

        An important feature associated with small and medium enterprises which is particularly relevant to our current economic problems is that, this industries characteristically, depend less on imported in outs relevative to their total capital investment than large scale industry. Small and medium enterprises (SMES) seek to diffuse economic power by helping to check imbalance seek to diffuse economic power by helping to check imbalance between various locality of a country and between different income groups in the same locality.

        The various role of small and medium enterprises mentioned above point to the fact that the development of small and medium Enterprises (SMES) in Nigeria does not only help in economic diversification and development, it is also crucial in the achievement of those sociopolitical objectives of Nigeria without which the country may begin to disintegrate.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

        As it could be observed, the contribution of small and medium scale enterprises (SMES) towards the development of Nigeria economy has not been able to achieve the desired progress due mainly to a number of constraints.

        This research work has identified the associated problems mitigating against the contribution of SMES towards the development of the economy and thus, summarized them as follows:

  1. Going into business with little or no experience and without first learning something about it
  2. Underestinating how much time it will tale to build a market.
  3. Inability to maintain customer relation.
  4. Wrong choice of product
  5. Failure to understand changing economic condition
  6. Failure to keep complete accurate records so that proprietor drift solution trouble without realizing.
  7. Wrong choice of product

Given the fact that many factor militate against small and medium enterprises and constitute the development towards the nations economy.

1.3   OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

        SMEs have been identified as a fundamental feature of the economy which can generate over 70% of economic activity as well as become the engine of growth required by the Nigerian government for the much needed sustainable development in terms of job and wealth creation.

        SMEs play a very significant role in the socio-economic development of any country. Bowel, (1992) stressed that the most important role played by the SMEs in a nation’s economy is that it provides a means of entry into business for new entrepreneurial talent and the seed bed from which new large companies will grow to challenge and stimulate the established leaders in industry.

        According to Obikoya in his won ascertion condends that SMEs are close to customers and employees and this closeness provides a potential for superiority over competing industries that are foreign based.

        Besides the aforementioned importance, the objective of this project is to understand some SMEs in kwara state with particular reference to Ilorin metropolis in order to determine their role in the following area.

  1. Small and medium enterprises promotion of economic independence/ development
  2. Small and medium enterprises an avenue for employment opportunities.
  3. Small and medium enterprises utilization of local resources for production
  4. Financing in small and medium enterprises
  5. Small and medium enterprises and self reliance.
AN EVALUATION OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF SMALL AND MEDIUMS SCALE ENTERPRISES (SMES) TO THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF EIGHT (8) SELECTED SMES IN ILORIN METROPOLICS)