AN EVALUATION OF THE  EFFECT  OF FRAUD AND RELATED FINANCIAL CRIMES ON THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY.

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ABSTRACT

The objective of this study is to determine the impact offraud and related financial crimes on the growth and development of Nigerian economy. Data for the study were collected from secondary sources only. The research analyzed the data generated using regression analysis. The research findings revealed that, fraud and related financial crime has significant effect on the Nigerian economy while fraud and financial crime have no significant effect on inflation. The research therefore recommends that Auditors and Accountants in organizations and financial institutions should be trained on how to carry out forensic investigation since the fraudsters are now sophisticated in their act. Also internal control systems should be strengthened to block opportunities that attract fraud perpetrators and oversight function of the National Assembly be strengthened to make public office holders accountable.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Economic and financial crimes in whatever form and nature have potentially devastating impacts on economy, security and social wellbeing of the people. It is perhaps pertinent to stress that as modern financial system encourages and facilitates local and international commerce, antithetically, financial criminals are also enabled by modern financial global liberalization to transfer millions of dollars around the world instantly through available information communication infrastructures such as internet, electronic money transfer (wire transfer) and the rest.

Money laundering among other forms of economic and financial crime requires existing financial system and operation. Money is laundered in Nigeria through currency exchange houses, stock brokerage houses, casinos, automobile dealership, and trading companies. These institutions are capable of masking proceeds from illegal criminal activities. The overall effects of these activities on the socio-political lives and economic wellbeing of the people of the developing countries and Nigeria in particular could be well imagined (Ribadu, 2004). In the developed economies of the West, evidence emerged (which was at first difficult to believe) that the criminal manipulation of Company balance sheets created a much more.