APPLICATION OF GPR IN DETERMINATION OF SOIL STRATA AND WATER TABLE IN THE UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR FARM

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ABSTRACT

This study focused on application of ground penetrating radar (GPR) determination of soil strata,  and water table in University Of Calabar Farm. It reveals how (GPR) can be used to determine the water table and soil strata.This study also reveals that (GPR) methods hold promise for improved characteristics and monitoring of the subsurface. This study will review several case studies where (GPR) have successfully been used for a variety of environment and precision Agricultural investigation.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE                                                                                    i

CERTIFICATION                                                                                      ii

DEDICATION                                                                                  iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT                                                                 iv

ABSTRACT                                                                                     v

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                           vi

LIST OF FIGURES                                                                          viii

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     Introduction                                                                                      1

1.1     Background of study                                                               3

1.2     Aim of study                                                                           5

1. 3    Objectives of study                                                                  6

1.4     Methods                                                                                  6

1.5     Statement of problem                                                              6

1.6     Significance of study                                                               7

1.7     Definition of terms                                                                            7

1.8     Concepts of the water table                                                     9

1.9     Form of water table                                                                 10

1.10   Location and geology of the study area                                   14

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     Literature review                                                                     17

2.1     Historical background                                                             21

2.2     Theoretical background                                                           24

CHAPTER THREE: MATERIALS AND METHODS

3.1     Reconnaissance survey                                                            25

2.2    Location and geology of the study                                      25

3.3     Materials                                                                                 26

3.3     Method of data acquisition                                                     29

3.4     Data analysis                                                                           30

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND INTERPRETATION         

4.1     Result presentation                                                                           31

4.2     Interpretation of result                                                            33

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1     Summary and conclusion                                                                  35

5.2     Recommendation                                                                     35 REFERENCES                                                                       36