COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MINERAL CONCENTRATION OF SURFACE WATER AND UNDERGROUND WATER IN IMT BIOLOGICAL GARDEN AND POSSIBLE APPLICATION AND USE IN CREATING CONCRETE POND HABITAT

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MINERAL CONCENTRATION OF SURFACE WATER AND UNDERGROUND WATER IN IMT BIOLOGICAL GARDEN AND POSSIBLE APPLICATION AND USE IN CREATING CONCRETE POND HABITAT

ABSTRACT

Comparative analysis of mineral concentration of surface water and underground water was carried out using  WHO standard method for water testing. The water samples were collected from well and stream and were analyzed in the laboratory for mineral concentrations. The concentration of  some minerals like Nitrates (NO3), Sulphate (SO3) Chloride  Calcium (Ca) and Magnesium (Mg) of the water samples were also tested.  The NO3 concentration in stream water was 1.4mg/L while well water had 6.9 mg/L. The stream water sample had a SO3 concentration of 198.2mg/L as well had 96.8mg/L. Chloride content of the two samples (Well and stream) were 886.5 mg/L and 638.28mg/L respectively. Stream water had a Calcium concentration of 150mg/L while in well water, it was 110mg/L. Magnesium concentration of the water samples were 96mg/L and 145mg/L respectively for stream water and well water. There was discrepancy between the results obtained and the WHO standard when compared but stream water proved closer to the standard than the well water. Therefore stream water recommended concrete pond creation for fish.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                         i
Certification                                     ii
Acknowledgement                                iii
List of table                                     v
Abstract                                         vi
CHAPTER ONE
1.0    INTRODUCTION                             1

1.1    Background of the Study                         1
1.2    Statement of the Problem                        3
1.3    Objective of the study                        4
1.4    Significance of the Study                         4
1.5    Limitation of Study                             5

CHAPTER TWO
2.0    LITERATURE REVIEW 

2.1 Surface Water                                6
2.2  Surface Water Hydrology                        6
2.3  Underground Water                            7
2.4  Groundwater Hydrology                        9
2.5  Contamination Of Underground Water And Surface Water                                11
2.6  Mineral Content Of Ground Water And Surface Water                                    19
2.7 Properties Of  Surface And Groundwater              28

CHAPTER THREE
3.0    MATERIAL AND METHODS                    46

3.1    Materials (see appendix)                        46
3.2    Methods                                    46

CHAPTER FOUR 
4.0    Result                                     50

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0    DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION     

5.1    Discussion                                 52
5.2    Conclusion                                 56
5.3    Recommendation                             57
References                                 60
Appendix                                     64

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MINERAL CONCENTRATION OF SURFACE WATER AND UNDERGROUND WATER IN IMT BIOLOGICAL GARDEN AND POSSIBLE APPLICATION AND USE IN CREATING CONCRETE POND HABITAT

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