AN EXAMINATION OF CAREER CHOICE AMONG VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION STUDENTS IN NIGERIA ( EDUCATION PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS)
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Those days, when few people for various reasons could go to schools, and jobs were waiting for individual to qualify and take, there was little need for planning either in terms of what courses to take or in terms of what type of job to do in future as occupation. Today, the old education system order has changed, due to changes in society. The present day society is too complete and changes at a much faster rate than it was in the past.
The choice of career demands that alternatives should be clear and the important aspect should be taken into consideration in order for the decision process to be easier. The history of applied psychology has its roots in the rise of empirical science and the increase influence of a commercial industries social classes, beginning in the last 18thcentury. This development led to the need for a mere democratically based school system of train qualified workers for the ever burgeoning industrial complex. Indeed, the demand for workers in Nigeria was done among those that have the skills and the need for personnel to help channel these prospective workers into increasing complex jobs.
The two significant events which occurs in the 20th century marked the expansion of vocational and technical guidance by the Boston Chamber of commerce and subsequent formation in (1913) of the national vocational guidance association (Whitely, 1984), this marked the beginning of vocational moment in Nigeria. However, vocational guidance counselling started in Nigeria as far back as 1961, with the inauguration of the Ibadan careers council, which later formal the nuclear of what is known as the Nigeria careers councils. There was a general opinion among career counseling that our youngsters need constant guidance in the choice of occupation for which they have no attitude but interest, such student are likely to end up as failure and career frustration.