MICROBIAL EXAMINATION OF SPOILT AVOCADO FRUIT.

Post Views: 0 CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY The Avocado pear, Persea Americana is a tropical and sub tropical fruit tree, originated in central America or adjoining regions of North or South America. It has now spread to much of the near tropical world. The avocado is limited especially by its climatic…Read More

TESTICULAR AND HEPATIC TOXICITY OF MONOSODIUM GLUTAMATE ON ADULT WISTAR RATS

Post Views: 39 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Monosodium Glutamate occurs naturally in many foods, such as tomatoes and cheeses. People around the world have eaten glutamate-rich foods throughout history. In 1907, Kikunae Ikeda began a research project to identify the substance in kelp (Laminariaceae) that produced a unique taste favoured in…Read More

SYNTHESIS CHARACTERIZATION AND PRELIMINARY ANTIMICROBIAL STUDIES OF SOME SCHIFF BASE LIG ANDS AND THEIR Co(II), Mn(VII), Mo(VII) COMPLEXES

Post Views: 35 TABLE OF CONTENTS i.          Title page ii.         Certification iii.        Dedication iv.        Acknowledgement v.         Abstracts  vi.        Table of contents vii.       List of tables   viii.      List of figures CHAPTER ONE; INTRODUCTION 1.1       Schiff base 1.2       Schiff base metal complexes 1.3       Application of Schiff bases 1.3.1    Biological importance of Schiff bases 1.3.2    Antibacterial activities 1.3.3   …Read More

SHELF LIFE PROFILE OF SOYMILK BEVERAGE USING STARTER CULTURE (LACTOBACILLUS BULGARICUS AND STREPTOCOCCUS THERMOPHILUS).

Post Views: 44 ABSTRACT Fermented foods are those processed through the activities of microorganisms. Soy milk is an aqueous extract from soybeans known for its nutritive health benefits. The aim of this work is to ferment soy milk product with starter culture (lactobacillus bulgaricus and streptococcus thermophilus) to prolong its shelf life. The soy bean…Read More

PRODUCTION OF DEODORANTS USING PAW PAW LEAVES

Post Views: 102 INTRODUCTION  Poultry meat can be contaminated with a variety of foodborne pathogens that may cause human illness following ingestion and is due to handling of raw meat, undercooking or mishandling of the cooked product. While Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. remain the organisms of greatest global concern, others present include the more recently…Read More

PRODUCTION OF BIOETHANOL FROM MOLASSES AND EFFLUENT TREATMENT OF SPENT WASH

Post Views: 39 TABLE OF CONTENTS Title page…….…………………………………………………………………i Approval page:…………………………………………………………………..ii. Certification page:………………………………………………………………iii Dedication: ………………………………………………………………….…..iv Acknowledgement: ………………………………………..…………………….v Table of Content: ..………………………………………….…….……………..vi List of tables…………………………………………………………………… List of figures……………………………………………………………………. Abstract……………………………………………………………………….v  CHAPTER ONE………………………………………………………..…………1               1.1 INTRODUCTION OF ETHANOL…………………………………………..1  STATEMENT OF PROBLEM ……………………………………………..6  AIM AND OBJECTIVES ……..……………………………….………..….7 2.0  CHAPTER TWO……………………………………………………………………12             2.1 LITERATURE REVIEW ……………………………………………………12             2. ETHANOL …………………..……………………………………………..…13            …Read More

ISOLATE AND IDENTIFY MICROORGANISMS ESPECIALLY BACTERIA AND FUNGI FROM STORED MAIZE

Post Views: 66 CHAPTER ONE 1.0       INTRODUCTION Maize (Zea mays) is a cereal crop which is an important raw material in human diet (Amakoromo, 2011).  It is an annual grass in the family Poaceae and is a staple food crop grown all over the world. It is believed that maize originated from Mexico and Central…Read More

PRODUCTION OF CELLULASE ENZYME FROM ASPERGILLUS SPECIES USING CYPERUS ESCULENTUS

Post Views: 27 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Introduction: Biotechnology offers an increasing potential for the production of goods to meet various human  needs. In enzyme technology– a subfield of biotechnology- new processes have been and are being developed to manufacture both bulk and high value added products utilizing enzymes as biocatalysts in other to meet needs…Read More

PHENOTYPIC DETECTION OF EXTENDED SPECTRUM BETA LACTAMASES PRODUCING ORGANISM AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

Post Views: 14 ABSTRACT Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) are enzymes that confer resistance to most beta-lactam antibiotics, including penicillin, cephalosporin, and the aztreonams. The aim of this present study is to phenotypically identify and establish the presence of ESBL-producing organism among students in the university community. Within the University community of Godfrey Okoye University, Enugu, early…Read More

MY PJ WORK

Post Views: 27 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of Study The products of biological compounds oxidation, by interaction with important biomolecules, can upset cell homeostasis and act cytotoxically, resulting in different diseases like tumors, heart failure, and cataract, brain dysfunction (Lobo et al., 2010).  Antioxidants are the substances able to prevent or inhibit oxidative processes…Read More

HYPOLIPIDEMIC AND ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY OF METHANOL LEAF EXTRACT OF KIGELIA AFRICANA IN ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETIC ALBINO RATS.

Post Views: 7 ABSTRACT Diabetic mellitus is a metabolic disorder resulting from a defect in insulin secretion , insulin action or both . The deficiency of insulin leads to chronic hyperglycemia with disturbances of carbohydrate , fats  and protein metabolism. Kigelia Africana is a sausage tree known to have medicinal values. The aim of this…Read More

EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF BITTER KOLA (GARCINIA KOLA) ON THE PREGNANCY OUTCOME AND EARLY POSTNATAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE OFFSPRINGS OF DIABETIC PREGNANT RATS

Post Views: 15                                                  ABSTRACT Increased oxidative stress arising from the maternal hyperglycemic-induced disturbances in fetal metabolism has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of disturbed embryogenesis in diabetic pregnancies. Maternal diabetes in pregnancy and the associated hyperglycemia is also believed to expose the fetus to disturbed metabolic conditions in-utero creating a…Read More

DETERMINATION OF OCCURENCE OF NITRIFYING BACTERIA IN A FRESHWATER FISHPOND OF CIRCULATORY AQUAPONICS SYSTEM PRESENTED

Post Views: 23 ABSTRACT Nitrification is the biological oxidation of ammonia into nitrite, followed by the oxidation of nitrite into nitrate by small groups of autotrophic bacteria and Achaea. NH3 removal is beneficial to the plant system as build up is dangerous. Presence and activities of ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB)…Read More

BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ELECTROMAGNETIC PROSPECTING

Post Views: 8 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Definition, Concept and Historical Background In Geology, Prospecting is the first stage of geological analysis; which entails the search for mineral deposits, especially by drilling and excavation. Elsewhere, in Electricity, Electromagnetism is the science of charges as well as the forces and fields associated with the charge. However,…Read More

BACTERIAL CONTAMINANTS IN SELECTED TOMATOES

Post Views: 71 CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is a berry annual, short–lived herbaceous plant of the solanaceae family.  It is a flag-ship species that belongs to the genus of lycopersicon which includes more than 3,000 species with chromosome number of 24; it usually sprawls on the ground, and could reach about…Read More