DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A COMPUTERIZED COMMUNITY THRIFT MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM CASE STUDY OF NKANU EAST LGA

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CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Computerized community thrift management information system involves the use of computers to carry out the functions of community thrift management. Every activities of community thrift management are documented with help of computer system. Computerized community thrift management information system required people with computer knowledge. Community thrift management is a collection of public bodies with authority over a subdivision of a significant area of a country’s territory. It is either the third tier in federal countries or the second and third tiers in unitary countries (regions, counties, municipalities, etc. The lowest tier of government in each state. Local authorities are usually elected. There may be more than one tier of community thrift management in each country. Community thrift managements are administrative offices that are smaller than a state. The term is used to contrast with offices at nation-state level, which are referred to as the central government, national government, or (where appropriate) federal government. The location of homes, industrial plants, stores, schools, churches and others is of vital importance to a local community because it affects the quality and convenience of living and the costs of private and public services. Three patterns are interwoven in the geographic distribution of the community that are of primary concern. They are the: Natural features Economic and social life Political structure Each pattern influences the other two. Pronounced geographic features of the community often determine where certain functions may be located. Main transportation routes, notably railroads, often follow the path with the least grade. Steep slopes or marshes may hinder construction. Economic and social patterns concern most people, who tend to live in neighborhoods with others similar to themselves. Retailers locate in a commercial area where they can better serve their customers. Manufacturers situate their plants where they can obtain the best overall advantages for transportation, raw materials and labor force. The governmental pattern, a quilt work of conflicting and overlapping jurisdictions, establishes the framework for providing public services and facilities and land development regulations such as zoning, subdivision regulations and building codes. This structure, highly complex, includes cities, counties, special districts, and state and federal agencies. The typical urban community has at least five governments serving its people — county, city, school district, state and federal. Such a pattern usually does not coincide with the realities of the economic and social community. Communication among these governments in the same locality is usually minimal; the activities of one are often contradictory to those of another. All these work done in a community thrift management can be enhance with the help of computer.

1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Community thrift management works involves the use of ledger, proof sheets, balance books etc which are manual in recording and keeping of their information. One of the biggest difficulties faced by manual method are: a) Handling records beset with problems. The record are not kept well and retrieval as `very difficult b) Loss of records is always common to manual auditing as there is no computerized way of storing the information contained in these records c) Calculation can sometime be wrong. In most cases, this has through oft many accounts and names which resulted to suspense account being opened and could not be closed unless as a charge or credit to profit and less account. Sequel to these problem, community thrift management need to be computerized.

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A COMPUTERIZED COMMUNITY THRIFT MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM CASE STUDY OF NKANU EAST LGA