DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A T-JUNCTION A CASE STUDY OF ESUT-IMT ROAD JUNCTION

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ABSTRACT

          The aim of this design work is to allow traffic light to rotate over a designated time interval between the two roads concerned i.e IMT and ESUT Junction. This design will control and monitor devices and cars within its environment i.e the junction.

          It will as well steer small vehicles showing them how to obey the traffic instructions coming from the traffic signals. The system is designed to operate in a red time mode to monitor the volume of traffic light.

          The project will determine whether any of the devices is defective and of the same time, send signals to indicate faulty devices. The software also includes the maintenance of these devices giving warning signs wherever a fault is detected.

          The software is designed to detect the flow of traffic showing how and when vehicles will be passed or in order words, it is the aim of the project to solve problems as a result of manual and simulate the existing system into a new system.

DEDICATION

          This piece of work is dedicated to my parents Mr. & Mrs. Declan .P. Ihemadu who made it possible for me to be in this great institution to acquire knowledge.

          I also dedicated this work to all my lecturers especially My Head of Department (HOD) Mr. Aneke I.C. for his encouragement to us.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

          I wish to acknowledge the wonderfulness of God to me and also want to acknowledge his grace to our lecturers and my classmates especially Chidiebere and Uche Onyiwu.

          I appreciate all the graces he has bestowed in me in the course of writing this project and also appreciate the support rendered to me by my lecturers and coursemates.

ORGANIZATION OF WORK

          This project has seven chapters. Each chapter deals with the chapter one. This chapter introduces the statement of the problem purpose of this study. The aims and objectives of the program. The scope, limitations and constraints, assumptions of program, and the definition of terms.

Chapter two         –        This chapter

Chapter three       –        Deals with the description and analysis of the existing system with regards to the fact finding methods, organizational structure, objectives of the existing system, the input, process and output analysis, the information flow diagram, problems of the existing system and finally justification of a new system.

Chapter four –      Deals with the design of the new system taking into consideration of the output specification and design. Input specification and design file design, procedure chart, system flow chart and the system requirement.

Chapter five         -Talks of the implementation, program design, program flowchart,  pseudocodes. Source program and test run.

Chapter six –        Deal with the documentation of the program.

Chapter seven      –        this final chapter deals with the conclusion and recommendation and the bibliography.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Organization of the work

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     Introduction

1.1     Statement of problem

1.2     Purpose of the study

1.3     Aims and objectives

1.4     Scope or Delimitations

1.5     Limitations and constraints

1.6     Assumptions

1.7     Definition of terms

CHAPTER TWO

  • Review of related literature

CHAPTER THREE

Description and analysis of the existing system

3.1     Fact finding methods

  • Organizational structure 

3.3     Objectives of the existing system

  • Input, process, output analysis
    • Input, process, output analysis
    • Information flow diagram

3.6     Problems of the existing system

  • Justification of the new system

CHAPTER FOUR

Design of the new system

  • Output specification and design

4.2     Input specification and design

4.3     File design

  • Procedure chart
    • System flowchart
    • System requirement

CHAPTER FIVE

Implementation

  • Program design

5.2     Source program 

5.3     Program flowchart 

  • Pseudocades
    • Test run

CHAPTER SIX          

Documentation

  • System documentation
    • Program documentation
    • User documentation

CHAPTER SEVEN

Conclusion and Recommendation

  • Conclusion
    • Recommendation

Bibliography

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

          Computer technology is one of the achievements made by man. Its benefit has seen man being able to solve some of his immediate problems. It has opened the door to a large number of important applications that were not economically feasible in the past. Its applications ranges from automating devices in most offices where most tasks are highly automated to on-line computer control of industrial and commercial process for which this project is concerned.

          The computer therefore presents a great opportunity to develop system more economically not simply because the availability of methodology and theories that could not previously be economically justified, among these numerous applications of the computer is it’s use in controlling and monitoring traffic, this is reality a very expensive application because it has several features to utilize in the design.

          The main reason for embarking on this project is because it is noteworthy that traffic system in ESUT-IMT Road Junction is very poor which results in traffic jams and most of which cause automobile accident within this junction due to congestion among road users with the increasing population and consequent increase in economic activities. However it is noteworthy to note that urban traffic jams are not limited to developing countries alone, but other developed countries still experience the same problem given the nature of their road network.

          The reason as stated above for the problems being encountered for non-application of computer in the monitoring and controlling of the junction is enough to automate the traffic control system using it as the best alternative to direct the flow of traffic effectively and efficiently.

1.1     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

          The reason for embarking on this particular project is due to the fact that traffic jam is a problem within this T-junction because it has caused most of the automobile accidents and mishaps. This problem could also be attributed to the mistakes made by traffic policemen who might suddenly stop a line in order to give preference to some class of individuals and therefore pass wrong line or road. Since there is also on increasing population made up of students of the two higher institutions as well as the economic activities, road users experience what can be called ‘a diary ordeal’ as most of their time is spent on the road as a result of congestion cause holdups. This situation affects mainly ESUT and IMT students and lecturers, as they are the major users of this T-junction.

DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A T-JUNCTION A CASE STUDY OF ESUT-IMT ROAD JUNCTION