A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF JESUS’ CONVERSATION WITH THE SAMARITAN WOMAN

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A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF JESUS’ CONVERSATION WITH THE SAMARITAN WOMAN

 

ABSTRACT

It is a known fact that Discourse Analysis is the analysis of language in use. This work showed how discourse analysis and pragmatic elements can be used in decoding facts and foregrounded information in the Holy Bible especially Jesus’ conversation with the Samaritan woman. The discourse elements such as: participants, context, turn-taking, exchange structure, reference, presupposition, inference, intention were used to bring out the foregrounded information in the conversation.In conclusion, we were able to show that addressee deduced or inferred more information from addressor’s utterance beyond what the original intention might have been.

                           TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page                                                                               i

Certification                                                                           ii

Dedication                                                                              v

Acknowledgment                                                                  vi

Abstract                                                                                  vii

CHAPTER ONE

  • General Introduction 1
  • Purpose 2
  • Scope and delimitation 2
  • Justification 3
  • Methodology 3

CHAPTER TWO

2.1 Introduction                                                                                             4

2.2 Discourse                                                                                                 4

2.3 Discourse Analysis                                                                                 5

2.4 Elements of discourse analysis                                                              8

2.4.1Participants                                                                                            8

2.4.2 Context                                                                                                 8

2.4.3 Turn-taking                                                                                           11

2.4.4 Exchange structure                                                                              12

2.4.4.1 Initiation, response and feedback                                                    12

2.4.4.2 Adjacency pairs                                                                                13

2.4.5 Topic                                                                                                     13

2.5 Pragmatic concepts of discourse                                                            14

2.5.1 Presupposition                                                                         14

2.5.2 Implicature                                                                                           15

2.5.3 Reference                                                                                              17

2.5.4 Inference                                                                                               18

2.5.5 Intention                                                                                               18

2.6 Data description                                                                                      19

2.6.1 Jesus Christ                                                                                          20

2.6.2 The Samaritan woman                                                                         20.

CHAPTER THREE

3.1 Introduction                                                                                             21

3.2 Datum 1                                                                                                   21

3.3 Datum 2                                                                                                   27

3.4 Datum 3                                                                                                   31

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1 Summary                                                                                                  37

4.2 Findings                                                                                                   38

Bibliography                                                                                                  41

 

 

           CHAPTER ONE

  • GENERAL INTRODUCTION

Over the years, several researches have been conducted in the field of discourse analysis with various definitions given to it. Brown and Yule (1983:1) opine that “the analysis of discourse is necessarily the analysis of language in use”.

Ambiguity is the word used by Stubb (1993:1) to describe discourse analysis. He says; “the term discourse analysis is very ambiguous…to refer to mainly the linguistic analysis of naturally occurring connected spoken or written discourse”.

Cooks (1996:1) argues that “although the main focus of discourse analysis is on language, it is not concerned with language alone. It also examines the concept of communication”.

Discourse analysis has been applied to the analysis of many literary works by scholars. Cooks (1996) uses discourse analysis to analyze advertisement. Woods (2006) examines the discourse of advertising, politics, law, medicine and the discourse of education respectively. Laniru (2010) uses it for “who wants to be a millionaire,” a television program in Nigeria.

This investigation is an attempt to take discourse analysis some steps further, using its basic elements such as turn taking, exchange structure, context, participants and so on, alongside some pragmatic features to make explicit the implicit aspect of the interaction between our participants, Jesus and the Samaritan woman as recorded in John chapter four of the holy Bible. Our expectation is that this will give a better understanding and insight into the conversation.

1.2     PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The Holy Bible is one of the most sought after books in the world today. Jesus Christ who has His name or image as the central subject of discourse from Genesis to Revelation is possibly the most mentioned name in the universe. However, the interpretation of many of the teachings, conversation and events he partook in, are being subjected to diverse meaning explication by several people both in the field of religion and outside religion.

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A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF JESUS’ CONVERSATION WITH THE SAMARITAN WOMAN

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