Examining Vaccine Hesitancy Regarding Measles

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Abstract:

The escalating trend of vaccine hesitancy has raised concerns due to its adverse impact, particularly leading to the unfortunate loss of innocent lives, notably children. This research delved into the information-seeking behaviors of mothers residing in Minna, Niger State, concerning measles vaccination. The study adopted the Information Processing Theory as its theoretical foundation and employed Grounded Theory as the chosen methodology. Data collection encompassed techniques such as concept mapping and in-depth interviews, continuing until saturation was achieved with the fifteenth participant. Through an analytical inductive process, the researcher identified a corpus of 384 narratives, subsequently categorized into 28 recurring themes, which were further synthesized into 8 emergent classifications to elucidate the underpinning causes of measles vaccination hesitancy. The findings disclosed that hesitant women in Minna, Niger State, possessed an awareness of measles vaccination, yet remained reluctant to embrace conventional medical treatments for measles. A notable revelation was the absence of the term “viral” within the local vocabulary, leading to a disbelief in the curability of measles. The study also illuminated the prevalence of conflicting information from various sources as a significant contributor to their hesitancy. As a recommendation, this research underscores the necessity for information professionals to transition from conventional informative learning approaches, which proved ineffectual based on the findings, to adopting transformative learning methodologies. Moreover, the study emphasizes the importance of comprehensively assessing parental vaccine cognition to discern their cognitive viewpoints. Subsequently, tailored communicative learning strategies can be devised to promote measles vaccination within the distinctive context and circumstances of Minna.

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