IMPACT OF THE TRAINING ON WORKERS’ PRODUCTIVITY

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CHAPTER ONE

1.0   INTRODUCTION

To a large extent, the social, economics, and political development of a country depend on the quality of man power that it has at disposal. In commenting on this ‘‘Kuznets’’ said the major man power of an industrially, advanced country is not it’s physical equipment, it is the body of knowledge harnessed from tested findings and discoveries of science and the certainty of training of its population to use the knowledge.

The important of manpower has forced countries to invest in manpower and training for example, countries in the developing world emphasize training of quality manpower because they believe that availability of skilled manpower would increase the productivity of workers.

Nigerian government has invested on it and has done this by offering training scholarship and encouraging state government to operate manpower training schemes. This effort led to the establishment of the federal training center in 2008 in Nigeria.

In the second development plan [2003-2007] the government also established three parastatals to train manpower both in private and public sector. These includes; the Industrial Training Fund [ITF], Nigeria Council of Management Development and Administrative Staff college of Nigeria (ASCON). These institutions were established in 2003, 2004 and 2005 respectively. Then importance given to training and staff development in any organization cannot be over emphasized.

Indeed, training is an investment rather than a cost to any organization. In commenting on this, “Oshisami” said that training is an investment and that investment is a commitment of resources to be generated in the future. With training as an investment, the commitment constitutes the cost of training.

The asset acquired can be regarded as education, skill, mental or managerial capability, while the expected future stream of increased earnings constitutes the benefits.

International Tobacco Company was established in 2004 in Nigeria and was firstly registered as Kwara Tobacco Company Limited. The building of the factory and its offices and installation of machinery took place during 2005 in a site in the industrial area at Ilorin and production of cigarette commenced early 2006. Meanwhile, the company was commission on the 8th of May, 2008, and was presided over by His Excellency and late Sir Ahmadu Bello the Sarduna of Sokoto. The company was owned by the United African Company Limited in partnership with the Northern Nigeria Investment Limited. Kwara Tobacco Company introduced a market during the following years and a staff of about two hundred and twenty one people. In April 2008, Philip Morris incorporated purchased controlling interest in the company.

Philip Morris is one of the largest Cigarette Companies in the world with its headquarters in New York, United States of America. Philip Morris Cigarettes are sold in virtually every country of the world and are manufactured in over thirty-three countries. After becoming part of this organization, the name of the company was changed to Philip Morris Nigeria with the research facilities and technical knowledge of Philip Morris available. Philip Morris Nigeria embarked in a large scale expansion to increase the production capacity of the factory to produce the different types of cigarette and pectin required for the Nigerian market and to ensure that the quality of its products would meet international standards.

The marketing leaf, account personnel, engineering and purchasing departments have expanded accordingly and the head office of the company is now situated at 7up building Apapa Lagos.

In companies with the indigenization decree, 40% of the shares were sold to Nigerian, including the employees of the company. Consequently the name of the company was changed to International Cigarette Company Limited in 2008 but the company retained the Anme Philip Morris Nigeria as its trading name.

1.2     ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE COMPANY

The organizational structure of International Tobacco Company, started with the board of Directors who were appointed by the company shareholders and are directly responsible to the vice chairman assisted by the secretary. They are also responsible to the board of Directors.

Meanwhile, the vice chairman in the necessity is the director such as the technical director, the marketing director, the general sales director, the personnel director, and the financial and commercial directors.

Administrative manager, factory personnel manager and corporate affairs manager are under personnel director. These managers are responsible solely to the personnel director and nobody else.

1.3     PRODUCTION PLANNING OF THE INDUSTRY

Production planning and its control may be defined as the firm’s material and facilities towards the attainment of specific production of goods and services in the most easily available ways. Ten, this will show how to embark on the actual production. International Tobacco Company, using the present and past record postulates what the future would look like and what to produce in future.

International Tobacco Company planning usually starts from the marketing section. It embarks on marketing output which the market comfortably7 absorbs the firm requisition for the quantity of raw material, labour, capital expenditure etc. that must be met. Meanwhile, it should be noted that ITC Ilorin, has a leaf growing areas that supplies high quantity Tobacco to the factory. The department provides manpower for the companies research and development farm at Odo-Giwa as well as provision of agricultural extension service to Tobacco Farmers located in Tobacco growing areas throughout the nation. The specialization major brands of cigarette are link plain Maribaro green sport and target cigarette.

1.4     STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM

The international Tobacco Company plays a dominant role in the economic well being in Africa, especially Nigeria. Besides the staff training and development embraces all the steps that are necessary to increase the capabilities of individuals and institutions to attain corporate objectives. Training and development needs program designed to meet the needs and implementation and evaluation of the program. A planned training and development process generally that the task of staff training as become a major management problem all over the world that organization that seeks to achieve success cannot afford to overlook.

IMPACT OF THE TRAINING ON WORKERS’ PRODUCTIVITY