THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON THE PROGRESS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN EKET REGION OF AKWA IBOM STATE

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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research work was focused on the impact of Covid-19 on the progress of construction projects in Eket region of Akwa Ibom State. The construction industry plays significant roles in the country’s economic development and growth on before the emergence of this pandemic Covid-19 which has eluded the construction projects with its negative impact leading to numerous abandonment in Eket. The major objectives of the research were to identify the problems caused by Covid-19, to determine strategies that can address Covid-19’s negative impact of progress in construction projects. The suitable approaches for this research were the uses of data collection and analysis using quantitative statistical tools such as; frequency, distribution table and percentage score. The study adopted a census sampling technique; the study used a sample size of 85 questionnaire were distributed accordingly and 80 questionnaires were returned and used for analysis. The research finding revealed that Covid-19 has negative impact on the progress of construction projects in Eket, Akwa Ibom State such as government  policy (lockdown), financial constraint, time constraint, migrants etc. It was concluded that there certain measures that can be used to cushion its effects like policy making by the government that would be favourable to construction projects, funds release by government (grants, non-interest loans) etc. Therefore, in conclusion, precautionary measures can be taken or applied in subsequent occurrence. The researcher recommended the use of precautionary measures which is not tied down to the government alone but to other private or public sectors in construction engineering.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page        –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           i

Certification    –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           ii

Approval Page            –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           iii

Dedication      –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           iv

Acknowledgements    –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           v

Abstract          –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           vi

Table of Contents       –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           vii

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  1. Background of the Study       –           –           –           –           –           –           1
    1. Statements of the Problem      –           –           –           –           –           –           2
    1. Aim and Objectives of the Study       –           –           –           –           –           3
    1. Research Questions     –           –           –           –           –           –           –           3
    1. Significance of the Study                   –           –           –           –           –           4
    1. Scope of the Work  –   –           –           –           –           –           –           –           4
    1. Limitations of the Study         –           –           –           –           –           –           4
    1. Definitions of Terms   –           –           –           –           –           –           –           5

CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1       The Impact of Covid-19         –           –           –           –           –           –           –           6

2.2       Impact on Construction Enterprises   –           –           –           –           –           –           7

2.3       Construction Sites Affected by Supply Chain Disruptions    –           –           –           8

2.4       The Potential of Sustainable Buildings Remains Untapped               –           –           9

2.5       Impact on the Construction Workforce          –           –           –           –           –           9

2.6       Prevailing Coverage Gaps in Social Protection can Exacerbate

Construction Workers’ Vulnerability  –           –           –           –           –           –           10

2.7       Occupational Safety and Health in Construction is Essential –          –           –           21

2.8       Construction Workers in the Informal Economy are particularly affected    –           12

2.9       Migrant Construction Workers are among the most Vulnerable        –           –           12

2.9.1    COVID-19 and construction – NORM, NEW and post COVID-19 NORM           –           26

2.9.2    COVID-19 Implications on Construction Industries –           –           –           –           15

2.9.3    Managing Projects and Construction Risks during the Corona Virus Pandemic       29

2.9.4    Keys Management during the Corona Virus to Successful Project Planning

and Risk Management during the Corona Virus Pandemic               –           –           16

2.9.5    Creating a response to the Coronavirus Pandemic     –           –           –           –           20

2.9.6    Safety Measures to prevent the Spread of Corona Virus       –           –           –           25

2.9.7    Post Covid-19 implications on constructions industry           –           –           –           25

2.9.8    Cost     –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           26

2.9.9    Materials/Supply Chain           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           26

2.3       Labour/Workface        –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           27

2.3.1    Safety and Training    –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           28

2.3.2    Future of Construction: a Transformation of Work, Workforce, and Workplace      29

2.3.3    Recovery and Resilience         –           –           –           –           –           –           –           30

2.3.4    Summary         –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           31

2.3.5    COVID-19 Impact on the Construction Industry      –           –           –           –           32

2.3.6    Strategies to address COVID-19 in the construction industry          –           –           33

2.3.7    Study Positioning       –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           34

          CHAPTER THREE

METHODOLOGY

3.1       Research Design         –           –          –           –           –           –           –           –           35

3.2       Area of the Study       –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           35

3.3       The Population of the Study   –           –           –           –           –           –           –           35

3.4       Sample and Sampling Techniques      –           –           –           –           –           –           35

3.5       Method of Data Collection     –           –           –           –           –           –           –           36

3.6       Method of Data Analysis                   –           –           –           –           –           –           36

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION

OF FINDINGS

4.1       Introduction                –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           37

4.2       Data Presentation and Interpretation –           –           –           –           –           –           40

4.3       Discussion of Findings           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           43

CHAPTER FIVE

FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.0       Summary         –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           45

5.1       Conclusion      –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           45

5.3       Recommendation        –           –           –           –           –           –           –           –           45

References

Appendices